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Ludwig Pfyffer

Ludwig Pfyffer

Swiss military leader and politician
The basics
Quick Facts
Occupations Condottiero Politician
Countries Switzerland
A.K.A. Ludwig Pfyffer
Gender male
Birth 1524 (Lucerne)
Death March 17, 1594 (Lucerne)
The details
Biography

Ludwig Pfyffer (1524, Lucerne – 17 March 1594) was a Swiss military leader, spokesman for Roman Catholic interests in the cantons, chief magistrate of Lucerne, and probably the most important Swiss political figure in the latter half of the 16th century.

Early career

For many years an active and intrepid warrior in the service of France, Pfyffer won fame by safely leading the royal family of Charles IX from Meaux to Paris while under Huguenot attack (1567).

Defender of Catholic Church

Elected chief magistrate for Lucerne in 1571, Pfyffer ruled there until his death. He made the city the centre of Catholic Counter-Reformation activity in Switzerland. His Golden League (1586) (also called the Borromean League after Cardinal Carlo Borromeo) nearly led to the destruction of the Swiss Confederation. The alliance of the seven Catholic cantons pledged itself to use armed force to expel heretics. Its elevation of religious interests severely strained the civil union. The canton of Appenzell divided along religious lines.

Pfyffer established close relations with the Catholic League of Philip II of Spain and Henri I, Duc de Guise. He concluded a Swiss alliance with Spain (1587) against the accession of Henry of Navarre (Henry IV) to the French throne.

Pfyffer also acquired a substantial fortune from foreign pensions and as a supplier of mercenaries to the pope.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D14468.php
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F14468.php
http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016338/images/index.html?seite=384
http://isni.org/isni/0000000054248758
http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/ADB:Pfyffer_von_Altishofen,_Ludwig
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2007043416
https://d-nb.info/gnd/124322018
https://viaf.org/viaf/20611875
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q117308
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/20611875
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