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Ludwig Lange

Ludwig Lange German physicist

German physicist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German physicist
A.K.A. Ланге, Густав Людвиг, Людвиг Ланге, Ланге Густав Людвиг, Ланге Людвиг, Ланге, Людвиг
Countries Germany
Occupations Physicist
Gender male
Birth 21 June 1863 (Gießen)
Death 12 July 1936 (Weinsberg)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Father: Ludwig Lange
Education Leipzig University
The details
Biography

Ludwig Lange (born June 21, 1863 in Gießen; died July 12, 1936 in Weinsberg) was a German physicist.

Biography

He was the son of the philologist and archaeologist Ludwig Lange and his wife Adelheide Blume. He studied mathematics, physics, and also psychology, epistemology, ethics at the University of Leipzig and the University of Gießen from 1882-1885. He was an assistant of Wilhelm Wundt from 1885-1887 and attained his Ph.D. in 1886. He was working many years as a Privatdozent, and in the field of photography. Since 1887 he exhibited growing symptoms of a nervous disease. In 1936 he died in a psychiatric hospital (Klinikum am Weissenhof) in Weinsberg.

Legacy

Lange is known for inventing terms like inertial frame of reference and inertial time (1885), which were used by him instead of Newton's "absolute space and time". This was very important for the development of relativistic mechanics after 1900. DiSalle describes Lange's definition in this way:

Works

  • Lange, L. (1885). "Über die wissenschaftliche Fassung des Galileischen Beharrungsgesetzes". Philosophische Studien. 2: 266–297.
  • Lange, L. (1885). "Über das Beharrungsgesetz. Berichte über Verhandlungen der Königlich Sächsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften". Mathematisch-physikalische Klasse. Leipzig: 333–351.
  • Lange, L. (1886). Die geschichtliche Entwicklung des Bewegungsbegriffs und ihr voraussichtliches Endergebnis. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
  • Lange, L. (1902). "Das Inertialsystem vor dem Forum der Naturforschung". Philosophische Studien. 20: 1–71.
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Sources
References
http://doi.org/10.1007%2FBF00597616
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1948NW.....35..224.
http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2002/entries/spacetime-iframes/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116703954
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016330/images/index.html?seite=567
https://viaf.org/viaf/77074492
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q68924
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/77074492
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