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Ludwig Karl Georg Pfeiffer

Ludwig Karl Georg Pfeiffer German scientist

German scientist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German scientist
A.K.A. Pfeiff., L. Pfeiffer
Was Scientist Botanist Pathologist Zoologist Malacologist
From Germany
Type Biology Science
Gender male
Birth 4 July 1805, Kassel, Germany
Death 2 October 1877, Kassel, Germany (aged 72 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
The details
Biography

Ludwig Karl Georg Pfeiffer, also known as Louis Pfeiffer (4 July 1805 – 2 October 1877), was a German physician, botanist and conchologist.

Biography

He received his education in Kassel, and became professor of pathology there in 1828. He served as surgeon-major in Kracow during the Polish rebellion of 1831, traveled afterward through Europe for the interest of science, and was given in 1839 by the Bavarian government a mission to study the natural history of the West Indies. He remained for more than two years in Cuba, then visited most of the West Indian islands. On his return to Europe, he published Monographia Heliceorum viventium (4 vols., Leipzig, 1847–48; supplement, 1853); Symbola ad historiam heliceorum (3 vols., Cassel, 1851–56); and other works.

Marine life named by Pfeiffer

He named more than 20 new genera and species, some of which have become synonyms:

  • Buccinum pusillum Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Astyris lunata (Say, 1826)
  • Cerithium martinianum Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Rhinoclavis (Rhinoclavis) fasciata (Bruguière, 1792)
  • Cerithium pallidum Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Bittiolum varium (Pfeiffer, 1840)
  • Cerithium varium Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Bittiolum varium (Pfeiffer, 1840)
  • Glugea cladocera Pfeiffer
  • Marginella pellucida Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Prunum pellucidum (Pfeiffer, 1840)
  • Melampus cristatus Pfeiffer, 1854
  • Melampus floridanus Pfeiffer, 1856
  • Murex martinianus Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Pterynotus alatus (Röding, 1798)
  • Natica livida Pfeiffer, 1840
  • Nucula hartvigiana Pfeiffer in Dohrn, 1864
  • Omphalotropis Pfeiffer, 1851
  • Omphalotropis guamensis Pfeiffer, 1857
  • Omphalotropis plicosa Pfeiffer, 1852
  • Paludinella Pfeiffer, 1841
  • Physella Pfeiffer, 1861
  • Sculptaria Pfeiffer, 1855
  • Sunetta (Sunettina) Pfeiffer, 1869
  • Sunettina Pfeiffer, 1869
  • Terebra maculosa Pfeiffer, 1840 is a synonym of Acus maculatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Truncatella californica Pfeiffer, 1857
  • Truncatella ceylanica Pfeiffer, 1857
  • Truncatella pulchella Pfeiffer, 1839
  • Venus puella Pfeiffer in Philippi, 1846 is a synonym of Anomalocardia puella (Pfeiffer in Philippi, 1846)

Marine life named after Pfeiffer

Nassarius pfeifferi, a nassa mud snail named in honor of Pfeiffer

In the course of time, 24 marine species have been named after Pfeiffer with the epithets pfeifferi, pfeifferae, pfeifferianus and pfeifferianum, many of which have become synonyms:

  • Asperiscala pfeifferi (de Boury, 1913) is a synonym of Epitonium candeanum (d’Orbigny, 1842)
  • Astarte pfeifferi Philippi, 1849 is a synonym of Crassinella lunulata (Conrad, 1834)
  • Azorica pfeifferae Carter, 1876 is a synonym of Leiodermatium pfeifferae (Carter, 1876)
  • Cerithium (Proclava) pfeifferi (Dunker, 1882) is a synonym of Rhinoclavis (Proclava) sordidula (Gould, 1849)
  • Clava pfeifferi (Dunker, 1882) is a synonym of Rhinoclavis (Proclava) sordidula (Gould, 1849)
  • Clava turritum var. pfeifferi (Dunker, 1882) is a synonym of Rhinoclavis (Proclava) sordidula (Gould, 1849)
  • Cymatium pfeifferianum (Reeve, 1844)
  • Engraulis pfeifferi Bleeker, 1852 is a synonym of Setipinna breviceps (Cantor, 1849)
  • Eutritonium pfeifferianum Reeve is a synonym of Cymatium pfeifferianum (Reeve, 1844)
  • Fusus pfeifferi Philippi, 1846 is a synonym of Pseudolatirus pfeifferi (Philippi, 1846)
  • Gibberula pfeifferi Faber, 2004
  • Laimodonta pfeifferi Dunker in Pfeiffer, 1860 is a synonym of Allochroa layardi (H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855)
  • Leiodermatium pfeifferae (Carter, 1876)
  • Nassarius pfeifferi (Philippi, 1844)
  • Polynemus pfeifferi Bleeker, 1853 is a synonym of Filimanus xanthonema (Valenciennes, 1831)
  • Pseudolatirus pfeifferi (Philippi, 1846)
  • Reticutriton pfeifferianus (Reeve, 1844)
  • Sargassum obovatum var. pfeifferae (Grunow) Grunow, 1915
  • Sargassum pfeifferae Grunow, 1874 is a synonym of Sargassum obovatum var. pfeifferae (Grunow) Grunow, 1915
  • Sodaliscala pfeifferi de Boury, 1913 is a synonym of Epitonium candeanum (d’Orbigny, 1842)
  • Solen pfeifferi Dunker, 1862
  • Tichogonia pfeifferi Dunker, 1853 is a synonym of Mytilopsis sallei (Récluz, 1849)
  • Triton pfeifferianus Reeve, 1844 is a synonym of Reticutriton pfeifferianus (Reeve, 1844)
  • Vertagus pfeifferi Dunker, 1882 is a synonym of Rhinoclavis (Proclava) sordidula (Gould, 1849)
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Reference sources
References
http://www.malacological.org/publications/2400_malacology.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Appletons'_Cyclop%C3%A6dia_of_American_Biography/Pfeiffer,_Ludwig_Georg
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Pfeiff.
http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxlist
https://archive.org/details/symbolaeadhistor00pfei
https://archive.org/details/systematischesco111mart
https://archive.org/details/diegedeckeltenlu12pfei
https://archive.org/details/floravonniederhe00pfei
https://archive.org/details/novitatesconchol11pfei
https://archive.org/details/novitatesconchol13pfei
https://archive.org/details/novitatesconchol14pfei
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