Ludovic Lindsay, 16th Earl of Crawford (1600–1652) took part in the strange plot of 1641 called The Incident. Having joined King Charles I at Nottingham in 1642, he fought at the Battle of Edgehill, at the Battle of Newbury and elsewhere during the English Civil War; in 1644, just after the Battle of Marston Moor, the Scots Parliament declared he had forfeited his earldom, and, following the lines laid down when this was regranted in 1642, it was given to John Lindsay, 1st Earl of Lindsay. Ludovic was taken prisoner at Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1644 and was condemned to death, but the sentence was not carried out, and in 1645 he was released by Montrose, under whom he served until the surrender of the King at Newark-on-Trent. Later he was in Ireland and in Spain and he died probably in France in 1652.
At the death of Ludovic Lindsay, the title Earl of Crawford was passed, despite senior heirs, to his cousin, John Lindsay, who had already been created Earl of Lindsay. The earldoms of Crawford and Lindsay continued to be united until George Lindsay, 22nd Earl of Crawford, (6th Earl of Lindsay) died unmarried in January 1808.