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Ludimar Hermann

Ludimar Hermann German physiologist

German physiologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German physiologist
A.K.A. Hermann
Countries Germany
Occupations Biologist Scientist Physiologist Professor Educator
Type Academia Biology Science
Gender male
Birth 21 October 1838 (Berlin)
Death 5 June 1914 (Königsberg)
Star sign LibraLibra
Education Frederick William University
The details

Ludimar Hermann (October 31, 1838, Berlin – June 5, 1914, Königsberg) was a German physiologist and speech scientist who used the Edison phonograph to test theories of vowel production, particularly those of Robert Willis and Charles Wheatstone. He coined the word formant, a term of importance in modern acoustic phonetics. The Hermann Grid is named after him; he was the first to report the illusion in scientific literature.

Physiology research

In addition to his work in phonetics, Hermann was influential as a physiologist. He discredited the notion, propounded by Emil du Bois-Reymond, that muscles contained an ordered series of "electromotive molecules" in favor of a theory of chemical activity. Hermann showed that the entire surface of an uninjured muscle was electrically equipotential. His discoveries in this field were instrumental to the modern use of the electrocardiograph as a diagnostic tool. He also was the first to explain the digestive process as being a decomposition of protein through acid hydrolysis to obtain the raw materials needed by cells.

An obituarist credited his research success to "his exceptional skill in the design, construction, and use of apparatus as needed for the problems on which he was engaged. Most of these problems depended for their solution on the accurate measurement of physical quantities."

Phonetics research

In his analysis of voice and speech, he made use of photographic registration and magnification of the surface features of a phonograph record's grooves to visually display the sounds of speech. Through his work, he determined that the passage of air through the mouth cavity, modified for each vowel, strongly affected the harmonics of tones from the larynx.

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