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Lucius Varius Rufus

Lucius Varius Rufus Roman poet

Roman poet
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Roman poet
Is Writer Playwright Poet
From Italy
Type Film, Television, Stage and Radio Literature
Gender male
Birth 74BC, Turbigo, Italy
Death 14BC
The details
Biography

Lucius Varius Rufus (/ˈvɛəriəs, ˈvær-/; c. 74 – 14 BC) was a Roman poet of the early Augustan age.

He was a friend of Virgil, after whose death he and Plotius Tucca prepared the Aeneid for publication, and of Horace, for whom he and Virgil obtained an introduction to Maecenas. Horace spoke of him as a master of epic and the only poet capable of celebrating the achievements of Vipsanius Agrippa (Odes, i.6); Virgil (under the name of Lycidas, Ecl. ix.35) regretted that he had hitherto produced nothing comparable to the work of Varius or Helvius Cinna.

Macrobius (Saturnalia, vi. I, 39; 2, 19) states that Varius composed an epic poem De Morte, some lines of which are quoted as having been imitated or appropriated by Virgil; Horace (Sat. i.10, 43) probably alluded to another epic, and, according to the scholiast on Epistles, i.16, 2 729, these three lines were taken bodily from a panegyric of Varius on Augustus.

Varius's most famous literary production was the tragedy Thyestes, which Quintilian (Inst. Orat. x.1, 98) declared fit to rank with any of the Greek tragedies. The didascalia (which is preserved in a Paris manuscript) states that it was produced at the games celebrated in 29 BC by Octavian in honour of the victory at Actium, and that Varius received a present of a million sesterces from the Roman ruler.

Fragments of Varius's works are located in E. Bahrens, Frag. Poetarum Romanorum (1886); monographs by A. Weichert (1836) and R. Unger (1870, 1878, 1898); Martin Schanz, Geschichte der römischen Litteratur (1899), ii.1; Teuffel, Hist. of Roman Literature (Eng. trans., 1900), 223.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 06 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12221783w
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12221783w
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118626140
http://isni.org/isni/0000000371160952
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83063496
https://www.idref.fr/027542289
https://viaf.org/viaf/25977336
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/25977336
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