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Louis VI

Louis VI Elector Palatine

Elector Palatine
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Elector Palatine
A.K.A. Électeur palatin du Rhin Louis VI
Was Noble
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 4 July 1539, Simmern, Germany
Death 22 October 1583, Heidelberg, Germany (aged 44 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Mother: Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Father: Frederick III
Siblings: John Casimir of the Palatinate-SimmernKunigunde Jakobäa of SimmernAnna Elisabeth of Palatinate-SimmernDorothea Susanne of SimmernCountess Palatine Elisabeth of Simmern-Sponheimestekhdam
Spouse: Elisabeth of Hesse, Electress PalatineAnne of Ostfriesland
Children: Maria of the Palatinate-SimmernFrederick IV, Elector Palatine
The details
Biography

Ludwig VI, Elector Palatine (4 July 1539 in Simmern – 22 October 1583 in Heidelberg), was an Elector from the Palatinate-Simmern branch of the house of Wittelsbach. He was the first-born son of Frederick III, Elector Palatine and Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.

Biography

To learn French, the young prince Ludwig visited the Burgundian University Dole in 1554. As presumptive heir of the Electorate in the Palatinate, he was already participating in government affairs at the court of Otto Henry, Elector Palatine. Since 1563, he was governor of the Upper Palatinate.

Unlike his father, he gave preference to Lutheranism over Calvinism, purging Calvinists from positions at the University of Heidelberg. The Calvinist theologians found protection at the court of Prince John Casimir, the brother of Ludwig, in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse and established the "Casimirianum Neustadt". During the Cologne War Louis VI was the only Lutheran imperial prince who stood on the side of Cologne's Elector and Archbishop Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg. With the Lutheran reorganization of the country Louis adopted a new court constitution, a police constitution and in 1582, a grand country constitution.

Family and children

Ludwig VI was married twice. First, on 8 July 1560, he married Elisabeth of Hesse (13 February 1539 – 14 March 1582). They had the following children:

  1. Anna Marie (b. Heidelberg, 24 July 1561 - d. Eskilstuna, 29 July 1589), married Charles IX of Sweden.
  2. Elisabeth (b. Heidelberg, 15 June 1562 - d. Heidelberg, 2 November 1562).
  3. Dorothea Elisabeth (b. Jagdschloß Deinschwang, 12 January 1565 - d. Jagdschloß Deinschwang, 7 March 1565).
  4. Dorothea (b. Amberg, 4 August 1566 - d. Amberg, 10 March 1568).
  5. Frederick Philip (b. Amberg, 19 October 1567 - d. Amberg, 14 November 1568).
  6. Johann Friedrich (b. Amberg, 17 February 1569 - d. Amberg, 20 March 1569).
  7. Ludwig (b. Amberg, 30 December 1570 - d. Amberg, 7 May 1571).
  8. Katharina (b. Amberg, April 1572 - d. Amberg, 16 October 1586).
  9. Christine (b. Schloß Hirschwald, 6 January 1573 - d. Zweibrücken, 21 July 1619).
  10. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (b. Amberg, 5 March 1574 - d. Heidelberg, 9 September 1610).
  11. Philip (b. Amberg, 4 May 1575 - d. Amberg, 9 August 1575).
  12. Elisabeth (b. Amberg, 24 November 1576 - d. Heidelberg, 10 April 1577).

Second, he married on 12 July 1583 Countess Anne of Ostfriesland (26 June 1562 – 21 April 1621), but they had no children.

Ancestors

16. Frederick I, Count Palatine of Simmern
16. Frederick I, Count Palatine of Simmern
8. John I, Count Palatine of Simmern
17. Margaret of Guelders
4. John II, Count Palatine of Simmern
18. Johann II of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Johanna of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Johanna of Loon
2. Frederick III, Elector Palatine
20. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Christopher I of Baden-Baden
21. Catherine of Austria
5. Beatrix of Baden
22. Philip II of Katzenelnbogen
11. Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
23. Ottilie of Nassau
1. Louis VI, Elector Palatine
24. Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg
12. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
25. Anna of Saxony
6. Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
26. Casimir IV Jagiellon
13. Sophia Jagiellon
27. Elisabeth of Austria
3. Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
28. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
14. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
29. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Susanna of Bavaria
30. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Kunigunde of Austria
31. Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress
16. Frederick I, Count Palatine of Simmern
8. John I, Count Palatine of Simmern
17. Margaret of Guelders
4. John II, Count Palatine of Simmern
18. Johann II of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Johanna of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Johanna of Loon
2. Frederick III, Elector Palatine
20. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Christopher I of Baden-Baden
21. Catherine of Austria
5. Beatrix of Baden
22. Philip II of Katzenelnbogen
11. Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
23. Ottilie of Nassau
1. Louis VI, Elector Palatine
24. Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg
12. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
25. Anna of Saxony
6. Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
26. Casimir IV Jagiellon
13. Sophia Jagiellon
27. Elisabeth of Austria
3. Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
28. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
14. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
29. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Susanna of Bavaria
30. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Kunigunde of Austria
31. Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress
8. John I, Count Palatine of Simmern
17. Margaret of Guelders
4. John II, Count Palatine of Simmern
18. Johann II of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Johanna of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Johanna of Loon
2. Frederick III, Elector Palatine
20. Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
10. Christopher I of Baden-Baden
21. Catherine of Austria
5. Beatrix of Baden
22. Philip II of Katzenelnbogen
11. Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
23. Ottilie of Nassau
1. Louis VI, Elector Palatine
24. Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg
12. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
25. Anna of Saxony
6. Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
26. Casimir IV Jagiellon
13. Sophia Jagiellon
27. Elisabeth of Austria
3. Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
28. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
14. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria
29. Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Susanna of Bavaria
30. Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Kunigunde of Austria
31. Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress
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Reference sources
References
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016333/images/index.html?seite=428
https://d-nb.info/gnd/10211112X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000107790648
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no99047993
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p289007348
https://www.idref.fr/109885805
https://viaf.org/viaf/28924930
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/28924930
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