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Lloyd Mangrum

Lloyd Mangrum

American golfer
Lloyd Mangrum
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro American golfer
Was Athlete Golfer
From United States of America
Type Sports
Gender male
Birth 1 August 1914, Trenton, Fannin County, Texas, USA
Death 17 November 1973, Apple Valley, San Bernardino County, California, USA (aged 59 years)
Star sign LeoLeo
Awards
Purple Heart  
World Golf Hall of Fame  
The details

Biography

Lloyd Eugene Mangrum (August 1, 1914 – November 17, 1973) was an American professional golfer. He was known for his smooth swing and his relaxed demeanour on the course, which earned him the nickname "Mr. Icicle."

Born in Trenton, Texas, Mangrum became a professional golfer at age fifteen, working as an assistant to his brother Ray, the head professional at Cliff-Dale Country Club in Dallas. He joined the PGA Tour in 1937 and went on to win 36 events on the Tour. He might have won more if his career had not been interrupted by service in World War II. While serving in the U.S. Army and training for the D-Day landings, Mangrum was offered the professional's job at the Fort Meade golf course in Maryland, which would have kept him out of combat, but he declined. He was awarded two Purple Hearts after being wounded at Normandy and Battle of the Bulge. He was also awarded two Silver and two Bronze Stars while serving in General Patton's Third Army. His best years on tour came after the war: he led the PGA Tour money list in 1951 and won the Vardon Trophy for the lowest scoring average on the tour in both 1951 and 1953.

Mangrum's only major title came at the U.S. Open in 1946, though he was runner-up in three majors and third in six more (including twice losing in the semi-finals in the PGA Championship when it was a match-play event). He lost a playoff for the 1950 U.S. Open at Merion to Ben Hogan and his famous one-iron. Mangrum finished in the top ten at the Masters Tournament ten consecutive years. He shot 64 in the opening round in 1940, a Masters record that stood for 46 years, until Nick Price's 63 in the third round in 1986.

Mangrum played on four Ryder Cup teams in 1947, 1949, 1951, and 1953. On the last occasion, he was a playing captain. He had a record of six wins, two losses, and no ties (.750), including three wins, one loss, and no ties (.750) in singles matches.

Mangrum died at age 59 in Apple Valley, California in 1973. The cause of death was a heart attack, the 12th he had suffered. Mangrum was called "the forgotten man of golf" by sportswriter Jim Murray. Even though only 12 men have won more PGA Tour events, his reputation has been overshadowed by the other stars of his era who lived long, extraordinary lives such as Sam Snead; and fellow Texans Ben Hogan, Jimmy Demaret, and Byron Nelson. At the 1996 Masters, Nelson conducted a test. "I asked three young pros if they ever heard of Lloyd Mangrum, and they never had." Nelson commented, "Lloyd's the best player who's been forgotten since I've been playing golf." A quarter century after his death, Mangrum was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1998.

Professional wins

PGA Tour wins (36)

  • 1940 (1) Thomasville Open
  • 1941 (1) Atlantic City Open
  • 1942 (3) New Orleans Open, Seminole Victory Golf Tournament, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball (with Lawson Little)
  • 1946 (1) U.S. Open
  • 1947 (2) National Capital Open, Albuquerque Open
  • 1948 (7) Bing Crosby Pro-Am, Lower Rio Grande Open, Greater Greensboro Open, Columbus Invitational, All American Open, World Championship of Golf, Utah Open
  • 1949 (4) Los Angeles Open, Tucson Open, Motor City Open (co-winner with Cary Middlecoff), All American Open
  • 1950 (5) Fort Wayne Open, Motor City Open, Eastern Open, Kansas City Open, Palm Beach Round Robin
  • 1951 (4) Los Angeles Open, Tucson Open, Wilmington Azalea Open, St. Paul Open
  • 1952 (2) Phoenix Open, Western Open
  • 1953 (4) Los Angeles Open, Bing Crosby Pro-Am Invitational, Phoenix Open, All American Open
  • 1954 (1) Western Open
  • 1956 (1) Los Angeles Open

Major championship is shown in bold.

Source:

Other wins (9)

  • 1938 Pennsylvania Open Championship
  • 1939 Central New York Open, Santa Anita Open
  • 1940 Santa Anita Open
  • 1946 Argentine Open
  • 1952 California State Open, Philippine Open, Adelaide Advertiser Special Tournament (Australia), Ampol Tournament (Nov)

Source:

Major championships

Wins (1)

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runners-up
1946 U.S. Open 1 shot deficit −4 (74-70-68-72=284) Playoff Vic Ghezzi, Byron Nelson

Defeated Ghezzi and Nelson in a playoff. All three shot 72 (E) in first 18-hole playoff. Second 18-hole playoff: Mangum 72=144 (E), Ghezzi 73=145 (+1), Nelson 73=145 (+1).

Results timeline

Tournament 1937 1938 1939
Masters Tournament
U.S. Open CUT T56
The Open Championship
PGA Championship
Tournament 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
Masters Tournament 2 T9 WD NT NT NT T16 T8 T4 T2
U.S. Open T5 T10 NT NT NT NT 1 T23 T21 T14
The Open Championship NT NT NT NT NT NT
PGA Championship SF R16 NT R64 QF R32 SF
Tournament 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
Masters Tournament 6 T3 6 3 T4 7 T4 T28 CUT CUT
U.S. Open 2 T4 T10 3 T3 CUT T37
The Open Championship T24
PGA Championship QF R16 R32
Tournament 1960 1961 1962
Masters Tournament 43 CUT T33
U.S. Open T23
The Open Championship
PGA Championship
  Win
  Top 10
  Did not play

NT = no tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
"T" indicates a tie for a place

Summary

Tournament Wins 2nd 3rd Top-5 Top-10 Top-25 Events Cuts made
Masters Tournament 0 2 2 7 12 13 20 16
U.S. Open 1 1 2 6 8 12 16 14
The Open Championship 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
PGA Championship 0 0 2 4 6 8 9 9
Totals 1 3 6 17 26 34 46 40
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 30 (1942 PGA Championship – 1957 Masters)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 8 (1950 Masters – 1952 U.S. Open)

U.S. national team appearances

  • Ryder Cup: 1947 (winners), 1949 (winners), 1951 (winners), 1953 (winners)
  • Lakes International Cup: 1952 (winners)
  • Hopkins Trophy: 1955 (winners)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 14 Jul 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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