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Liutgard of Saxony

Liutgard of Saxony Saxon queen

Saxon queen
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Saxon queen
Countries Germany
Occupations Great Royal Wife Consort Queen consort
Gender female
Father: LiudolfDuke of Saxony
Siblings: Otto IDuke of SaxonyBrunoDuke of SaxonyThankmarChristina IGerberga IHathumod
Spouse: Burchard IDuke of SwabiaLouis the Younger
Children: Burchard IIDuke of SwabiaLouisHildegard
The details

Liutgard of Saxony (c. 845 – 17 November 885) was Queen of the Franks (East Frankish queen) from 876 until 882 by her marriage with King Louis the Younger.


She was born between 840 and 850, the daughter of the Saxon count Liudolf (805/20–866), a progenitor of the Ottonian dynasty (Liudolfings), and his wife Oda of Billung (805/06–913).

Before 29 November 874, Liutgard married the Carolingian ruler Louis the Younger (830/835–882), second son of King Louis the German - whose first engagement with a daughter of the Frankish seneschal Adalard had been dissolved in 865 - at Aschaffenburg, Franconia. They had two children:

  • Louis (877–879), reportedly died after a fall from a window of the Imperial palace in Frankfurt
  • Hildegard (c. 879 – after 899), became a nun in Frauenchiemsee Abbey, Bavaria.

Liutgard was especially noted for her strong will and political ambition, a reliable supporter of her husband. She is seen as a driving force behind King Louis' struggle with the West Frankish king Charles the Bald around the possession of Lotharingia, culminating in the 876 Battle of Andernach and ending in the final acquisition of the Lotharingian realm by the 880 Treaty of Ribemont.

After Louis' death, she married in 882 the Hunfriding duke Burchard I of Swabia (855/60–911). They had three children:

  • Burchard II (883/84–926), Duke of Swabia from 917
  • Udalrich (884/85–885)
  • Dietpirch of Swabia (also known as Theoberga), married the Swabian count Hupald of Dillingen (d. 909), mother of Bishop Ulrich of Augsburg.
German royalty
Preceded by
Adelaide of Paris
Queen consort of Lotharingia
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Emma of Altdorf
Queen consort of East Francia
Queen consort of Bavaria

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