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Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt

Leopold, Hereditary Prince of AnhaltBiography, Prince

Prince
Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Prince
A.K.A. Leopold Friedrich Franz Ernst von Anhalt
Was Military officer
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 18 July 1855, Dessau, Germany
Death 2 February 1886, Cannes, France (aged 30 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Mother: Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
Father: Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
Siblings: Princess Alexandra of AnhaltPrincess Elisabeth of AnhaltFriedrich II, Duke of AnhaltEduard, Duke of AnhaltPrince Aribert of Anhalt
Spouse: Princess Elisabeth of Hesse-Kassel
Children: Princess Antoinette of Anhalt
The details

Biography

Leopold of Anhalt (18 July 1855 – 2 February 1886), was a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1871 until his death he was heir to the duchy of Anhalt.

Early life

Prince Leopold was born on 18 July 1855 in Dessau as the first child of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen and his wife Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg. He was named after his grandfather Duke Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen.

In 1863 his grandfather, Duke Leopold, became Duke of the united Duchy of Anhalt following the death of the last Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg.

On 22 May 1871, Duke Leopold died and Prince Leopold's father succeeded to the Duchy of Anhalt. Leopold himself now became hereditary prince.

Marriage and issue

In the autumn of 1883, Hereditary Prince Leopold proposed to Princess Viktoria of Prussia, daughter of Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia and Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom. But his proposal was refused. In April 1884 Friedrich von Holstein recorded that:

Princess Viktoria – or her mother – turned down the hereditary Prince of Anhalt last autumn.

In the end of December 1883 Hereditary Prince Leopold was engaged to Princess Elisabeth of Hesse-Kassel, the eldest daughter of Prince Frederick William of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Anna of Prussia. When hearing of this engagement, Queen Victoria, whose daughter apparently had not informed her mother of the rejected proposal, wrote:

but I regret that you have not got him en réserve for Vicky if her fond hopes cannot be realised.

Leopold and Elisabeth were married on 26 May 1884 at Schloss Philippsruhe in Hanau. They had one daughter:

  1. Antoinette (Schloss Georgium, 3 March 1885 – Dessau, 3 April 1963), married on 26 May 1909 to Prince Frederick of Schaumburg-Lippe.

Death

Less than one year after the birth of his daughter, Leopold died unexpectedly in Cannes on 2 February 1886. As he had no sons, he was succeeded as Hereditary prince by his younger brother Frederick who would eventually become Duke Frederick II of Anhalt.

Princess Elisabeth never remarried and survived her husband by almost 70 years. She died in Dessau on 7 January 1955.

Ancestry

16. Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau
16. Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau
8. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
17. Margravine Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
4. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
18. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
9. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
19. Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
2. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick William II of Prussia
10. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
21. Landgravine Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
22. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 26)
11. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
23. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 27)
1. Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt
24. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
12. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
6. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 22)
13. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
27. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 23)
3. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
28. Anton Aloys, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
14. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
29. Princess Amalie Zephyrine of Salm-Kyrburg
7. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
30. Pierre Murat
15. Marie Antoinette Murat
31. Louise d'Astorg
16. Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau
8. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
17. Margravine Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
4. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
18. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
9. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
19. Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
2. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick William II of Prussia
10. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
21. Landgravine Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
22. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 26)
11. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
23. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 27)
1. Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt
24. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
12. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
6. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 22)
13. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
27. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 23)
3. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
28. Anton Aloys, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
14. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
29. Princess Amalie Zephyrine of Salm-Kyrburg
7. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
30. Pierre Murat
15. Marie Antoinette Murat
31. Louise d'Astorg
8. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
17. Margravine Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
4. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
18. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
9. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
19. Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
2. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick William II of Prussia
10. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
21. Landgravine Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
5. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
22. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 26)
11. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
23. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 27)
1. Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt
24. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
12. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
6. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 22)
13. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
27. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 23)
3. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
28. Anton Aloys, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
14. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
29. Princess Amalie Zephyrine of Salm-Kyrburg
7. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
30. Pierre Murat
15. Marie Antoinette Murat
31. Louise d'Astorg
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://theroyaluniverse.com/articles/royal-history/marry-marryings-sake/
http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ascania/ascan7.html
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