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Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Birth March 20, 1635 (Gießen)
Death August 4, 1709 (Neuburg an der Donau)
Mother: Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
Father: George IILandgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Siblings: Louis VILandgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtGeorge IIILandgrave of Hesse-ItterAnna Sophia IIAbbess of QuedlinburgMarie Hedwig of Hesse-DarmstadtLouise Christine of Hesse-DarmstadtSophia Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Spouse: Philip WilliamElector Palatine
Children: Eleonor Magdalene of NeuburgJohann WilhelmElector PalatineCharles III PhilipElector PalatineAlexander Sigismund von der Pfalz-NeuburgCount Palatine Francis Louis of NeuburgMaria Sofia of NeuburgMaria Anna of NeuburgCountess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of NeuburgCountess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of NeuburgPhilip William AugustCount Palatine of NeuburgFrederick Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg
The details

Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene; 20 March 1635 – 4 August 1709) was a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and wife of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.


Born at the New Palace in Gießen, Elisabeth Amalie was the daughter of George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Sophia Eleonore of Saxony. Her siblings included Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt, future Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Anna Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg.

Elisabeth Amalie was brought up strictly by her mother who was a devout Lutheran. She had an attractive appearance with striking blond hair, a trait she kept until her old age and which was inherited by her daughters Eleonor Magdalene and Dorothea Sophie, the latter being known in particular for her blonde hair.

On 3 September 1653 she was married at Langenschwalbach to Count palatine Philip William of Neuburg, who later became Prince-elector of the Palatinate. Her husband was some twenty years older than she and was the heir to the Electoral Palatinate which was one of the most important states within the Holy Roman Empire.

She converted to Catholicism on 1 November 1653 in the presence of the elector and archbishop of Cologne, Maximilian Henry of Bavaria.

The writer William Nakatenus dedicated his work The Heavenly Palm little garden to her.



Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 20 March 1635 – 3 September 1653 Her Serene Highness Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • 3 September 1653 – 26 May 1685 Her Serene Highness The Electoral Princess of the Palatinate
  • 26 May 1685 – 2 September 1690 Her Serene Highness The Electress Palatine
  • 2 September 1690 – 4 August 1709 Her Serene Highness The Dowager Electress Palatine

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