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Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

German princess
The basics
Gender female
Birth April 14, 1765 (Darmstadt, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany)
Death March 30, 1796 (Rohrbach, Palatinate, Südliche Weinstraße, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany)
Mother: Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg
Father: Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
Siblings: Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-DarmstadtLandgravine Louise of Hesse-DarmstadtLandgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt
Spouse: Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Children: Ludwig I of BavariaPrincess Augusta of BavariaCaroline Augusta of BavariaPrince Karl Theodor of Bavaria
Authority VIAF id
The details

Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Marie Auguste Wilhelmine von Hessen-Darmstadt) (14 April 1765 – 30 March 1796) was Duchess consort of Zweibrücken by marriage to Maximilian, Duke of Zweibrücken, and the mother of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.


Augusta Wilhelmine was born at Darmstadt, the fourth daughter and ninth child of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt (second son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt) and Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg.


On 30 September 1785, in Darmstadt, Augusta Wilhelmine married Maximilian, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (later King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria).

Maximilian was an officer in the French army stationed at Strasbourg, but the couple also often visited Paris. There Augusta Wilhelmine met Queen Marie Antoinette with whom she maintained an ongoing correspondence.

In 1789, Maximilian's regiment rose in revolt and he and Augusta Wilhelmine fled to her parents' home in Darmstadt. For the next five years, they lived mostly in the neighboring town of Mannheim. In December 1794, the French army attacked Mannheim. Augusta Wilhelmine fled the city when her home was shelled by French artillery.

Duchess of Zweibrücken

In April 1795 Maximilian succeeded his brother as reigning Duke of Zweibrücken; however, his duchy was entirely occupied by the French. In March 1796 Augusta Wilhelmine, who had always had delicate lungs, finally succumbed and died at Rohrbach [de]. She was buried in the Schlosskirche in Darmstadt.


She had five children:


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