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Kurt Vogel
German officer, involved in murder of Rosa Luxemburg

Kurt Vogel

Kurt Vogel
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German officer, involved in murder of Rosa Luxemburg
Was Officer
From Germany
Field Military
Gender male
Birth 11 October 1889
Death 1 January 1967 (aged 77 years)
Star sign Libra
The details (from wikipedia)


Kurt Vogel (October 11, 1889; † 1967) was a German officer in World War I, a member of the Garde-Kavallerie-Schützen-Division and was involved in the murder of Rosa Luxemburg. According to current knowledge, he was not the killer.

Early career

Vogel served in World War I as a flying officer. After the war he was released as Oberleutnant decommissioned and entered subsequently into a Free Corps. The freecorps was assumed to the Guard Cavalry Rifle Division from Lieutenant General Heinrich von Hofmann, and acted in Berlin.

Murder of Rosa Luxemburg

On January 15, 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were discovered in Berlin-Wilmersdorf and brought by members of the Guard Cavalry Rifle Division to their headquarter in the Eden Hotel. This was under the command of the First General staff officer, Captain Waldemar Pabst. Luxemburg and Liebknecht were interrogated and severely mistreated. At their removal from the Hotel Eden by members of the Division Rosa Luxembourg was shot in the car; her body was found in the Landwehr Canal at the end of May 1919. For years, the transport leader Kurt Vogel was named as the gunman. In 1959, it was announced at a confession of Waldemar Pabst that after the removal of the abused communist leaders Hermann Souchon jumped on the car and shot Rosa Luxembourg with a pistol in the head.


On January 17, 1919 Kriegsgerichtsrat Paul Jorns concerned himself at the field court martial of the Guards Cavalry Rifle Division with the murders of Luxembourg and Liebknecht. A criminal case against the alleged perpetrators became not initially in transition. Jorn released Kurt Vogel and Horst von Pflugk-Harttung.

KPD members demanded since February 16, 1919 due to danger of collusion vainly an independent investigation by a non-military special court. Hoffmann and Jorn saw therefore themselves forced to add two members of the "Zentralrat der deutschen sozialistischen Republik" and the "Berliner Vollzugsrat". Jorn himself refused requests by the civilian members of the inquiry commission. On February 15 the front page of the Die Rote Fahne had the following headline: "The murder of Liebknecht and Luxembourg. The act and the perpetrators", written by Leo Jogiches. For this reason Oskar Rusch, Paul Wegmann and Hugo Struve stepped back from participating in the investigation. Hermann Wäger did not step back. The civilian members of the commission noted that advocate Jorn did nothing to prevent obscuring the facts.

Only in May 1919, some of the accused – including Otto Wilhelm Runge and Lieutenant Kurt Vogel – were tried by a military tribunal of their own division. The trial was held from 8 May to May 14, 1919. Wilhelm Pieck became one of the most important witnesses to the incidents at the hotel, which preceded the murders. He and hotel employees had noticed the mistreatment of the murdered and telephone conversations between officers and their superiors.

Vogel was sentenced to two years and four months in prison on May 14, 1919 because of the removal of a corpse, a false statement and other offenses. Runge received a two-year prison sentence, Souchon was fined. The involved officers Horst and Heinz von Pflugk-Harttung were acquitted. As supreme commander of the troops confirmed Gustav Noske the judgment personally with his signature.


On November 17, 1919, Wilhelm Canaris came with the code name "Lieutenant Lindemann" to Moabit prison. He showed an order signed by Jorn to move prisoner Vogel. He boarded with Vogel a car and gave him an identification card issued by the passport office of the war department. Vogel went to the Netherlands.


Only two years after the trial of Vogel, Runge, and other drivers of the Luxemburg-carriage, soldier Janschkow said during a new investigation, the "third man" was Hermann Souchon. Souchon did not appear despite summons to this process. After Adolf Hitler had granted the murders of Luxembourg and Liebknecht parties in 1934 amnesty and even way compensation, the Nazi regime paid Otto Runge a way compensation and granted Vogel a cure from taxpayers.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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