|Birth||25 March 1746 (Biebrich Palace, Hesse, Germany)|
|Death||15 August 1789 (Wiesbaden, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany)|
Karl Philipp, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (25 March 1746 in Biebrich – 15 August 1789 in Wiesbaden), was a Prince of Nassau-Usingen, the first Count of Weilnau, and a Captain in the Holy Roman Imperial Army.
Karl Philipp was the son of Charles of Nassau-Usingen and Baroness Margareth Maria Magdalena von Biebrich, a title newly created for her.
His father married for the second time the daughter of the mayor of Wiesbaden, Margareth Maria Magdalena Groß (born February 26 1714). Because she had no title, and the marriage would be considered morganatic, he asked Emperor Joseph II to create the Barony of Biebrich. Maria Magdalena and her children Philippa Catherine (1744) and Karl Philipp (1746) were designated Barons of Biebrich.
In June 1773, his sister Philippa Catherine married Baron Karl Friedrich von Kruse (1738-1806) in the Schloss Biebrich. He would later become the Prime Minister of the Principality of Nassau-Usingen in December 1768. The next year, Prince Charles promoted him to President of All the Schools and Director of the Court Chamber.
The Nassau Family Pact was implemented in 1783 by the other six adult members of the House, but Karl Philipp, who was 37, was not invited to be a signatory because of his parents' marriage, which they considered to be morganatic.
Marriage and issue
In 1782 Karl Philipp married Maria Anna Josepha von Thurn und Taxis (1766-1805), the daughter of Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis. They had one surviving child.
- Wilhelmine Josepha Auguste (Biebrich, 1782 - Biebrich, 1784)
- Cécilie Josepha Philippina (Biebrich, 1788 - 1849), married in 1810 her second cousin Prince Adolf of Nassau-Saarbrücken, the last legitimate son of Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken and his second wife Duchess Catherine of Dillingen.