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Karl Immanuel Nitzsch

Karl Immanuel Nitzsch

German church leader
Karl Immanuel Nitzsch
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German church leader
A.K.A. Karl Immanuel Nitsch
Was Religious scholar Theologian Professor Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Religion
Gender male
Birth 21 September 1787, Borna, Germany
Death 21 August 1868, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 80 years)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
The details

Biography

Karl Immanuel Nitzsch.

Karl Immanuel Nitzsch (September 21, 1787, Borna – August 21, 1868, Berlin), was a German Lutheran church leader. He was the father of theologian Friedrich August Nitzsch.

Biography

He was born at the small Saxon town of Borna near Leipzig. His father, Karl Ludwig Nitzsch, at that time pastor and superintendent in Borna, later (1790) became professor at Wittenberg and director (1817) of the seminary for preachers. He was sent to study at Schulpforta in 1803, going on to the University of Wittenberg in 1806. In 1809 he graduated, and in 1810 he became a privatdozent at the university. Having become a deacon at the Schlosskirche in 1811, he showed remarkable energy and zeal during the bombardment and siege of the city in 1813. In 1815 he was appointed a preceptor in the preachers' seminary which had been established at Wittenberg after the suppression of the university.

From 1820 to 1822 he was superintendent in Kemberg, and in the latter year he was appointed professor ordinarius of systematic and practical theology at Bonn. Here he remained until called to succeed Philip Marheineke at Berlin in 1847; subsequently he became university preacher, rector of the university, provost of St Nicolai (in 1854) and member of the supreme council of the church, in which last capacity he was one of the ablest and most active promoters of the Evangelical Union. He represented the Vermittelungstheologie of the school of Friedrich Schleiermacher.

Published works

Nitzsch's principal works are: System der christlichen Lehre (1829; 6th edition, 1851; English translation: System of Christian doctrine 1849), Praktische Theologie (1847-1860; 2nd edition, 1863-1868), Akademische Vorträge über christliche Glaubenslehre (1858) and several series of sermons. According to Otto Pfleiderer, (Development of Theology, p. 123): "He took as his starting-point the fundamental thought of Schleiermacher, that religion is not doctrine but life, direct consciousness, feeling. At the same time he sought to bring religious feeling into closer connection with knowledge and volition than Schleiermacher had done; he laid special stress-and justly-on the recognition of a necessary and radical union of religion with morality, treating both dogmatics and ethics together accordingly in his System der christlichen Lehre" His Protestantische Beantwortung, a reply to the Symbolik of Johann Adam Möhler (1796-1838), which originally appeared in the Studien und Kritiken, of which he was one of the founders, may also be mentioned.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd118735551.html
https://books.google.com/books?id=S1wa1n-pW74C&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=Vermittelungstheologie+Nitzsch&source=bl&ots=j4wzPBeqZR&sig=_DJ3bTbyAKXjv_lnIibClNWhLxs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwifobnhkqPNAhUNOFIKHSbbCcsQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=Vermittelungstheologie%20Nitzsch&f=false
https://books.google.com/books/about/Eine_protestantische_Beantwortung_der_Sy.html?id=L9EQAAAAIAAJ
https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011556091?type%5B%5D=author&lookfor%5B%5D=%22Nitzsch,%20K.%20I.%201787-1868.%22&ft=
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90798743
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13540522z
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13540522z
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118735551
http://isni.org/isni/0000000083628987
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no98075208
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=uk2017949545&CON_LNG=ENG
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