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Karl Bühler

Karl Bühler German psychologist

German psychologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German psychologist
A.K.A. Karl Buhler
Was Psychologist Professor Educator Psychiatrist
From Germany Austria United States of America
Type Academia Healthcare
Gender male
Birth 27 May 1879, Meckesheim, Germany
Death 24 October 1963, Los Angeles, USA (aged 84 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Residence Germany, Germany
Family
Spouse: Charlotte Bühler
The details
Biography

Karl Ludwig Bühler (27 May 1879 – 24 October 1963) was a German psychologist and linguist. In psychology he is known for his work in gestalt psychology, and he was one of the founders of the Würzburg School of psychology. In linguistics he is known for his organon model of communication and his treatment of deixis as a linguistic phenomenon. He was the dissertation advisor of Karl Popper.

Biography

Bühler was born in Meckesheim. In 1899 he started medical school at the University of Freiburg, where he received his doctorate in 1903. He continued working as an assistant, and started taking a second degree in psychology graduating in 1904. In 1906 he worked as an assistant Professor at the University of Freiburg with von Kries, and as an assistant to Oswald Külpe at the University of Würzburg.

He completed his Habilitation thesis at Würzburg in 1907, with the title Tatsachen und Probleme zu einer Psychologie der Denkvorgänge ("Facts and problems of the psychology of thought processes"). This text became foundational for the Würzburg School of psychology and sparked heated controversy with Wilhelm Wundt. In 1909 Bühler moved to the University of Bonn, becoming an assistant to Oswald Külpe.

From 1913 to 1918 Bühler worked as an associate professor in Munich. In World War I he performed military service as a doctor. During the war he married Charlotte Malachowski, a student of Edmund Husserl. In 1918 he was made a full professor of philosophy and education at the Technical University of Dresden.

In 1922 he became Professor of Psychology at the University of Vienna and the head of the Psychology Department. He participated in the founding of the Psychological Institute of Vienna as part of the city's efforts to reorganize the school system on the basis of new scientific findings about child psychology. His wife, Charlotte Bühler, followed him and received a professorship in Vienna. Both taught at the University of Vienna until their common emigration.

On 23 March 1938, Bühler was briefly detained by the Nazis, which caused him to flee to London in 1940, then to Oslo. Finally he emigrated to the United States, where he worked from 1940 to 1945 as a professor in Minnesota and from 1945 to 1955 as a professor of psychiatry at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

In 1959 Karl Bühler was honored with the Wilhelm-Wundt-Medal of the German Society of Psychology. He died in Los Angeles.

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Reference sources
References
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
http://www.the-rathouse.com/Buhler_s_Program.htm
//doi.org/10.1080%2F00221309.1966.9710366
//pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/5339566
//pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14251983
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/10024649
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX877677
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12311641n
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12311641n
http://cantic.bnc.cat/registres/CUCId/a12358265
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