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Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis

Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis

German prince
Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German prince
A.K.A. Carl Alexander von Thurn und Taxis, Carl Alexander Fürst von Thurn un...
Was Businessperson
From Germany
Type Business
Gender male
Birth 22 February 1770, Regensburg, Germany
Death 15 July 1827, Regensburg, Germany (aged 57 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
Family
Mother: Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
Father: Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Siblings: Princess Sophie Friederike of Thurn and Taxis
Spouse: Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Children: Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and TaxisPrincess Maria Sophia of Thurn and TaxisMaximilian Karl, 6th Prince of Thurn and TaxisFriedrich Wilhelm von Thurn und Taxis Charlotte Luise Prinzessin von Thurn und TaxisGeorge Karl Prinz von Thurn und TaxisLuise Friederike Prinzessin von Thurn und Taxis
The details

Biography

Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, full German name: Karl Alexander Fürst von Thurn und Taxis (22 February 1770 – 15 July 1827) was the fifth Prince of Thurn and Taxis, head of the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post, and Head of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis from 13 November 1805 until his death on 15 July 1827. With the death of his father on 13 November 1805, he became nominal Generalpostmeister of the Imperial Reichspost until the resignation of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Early life

Karl Alexander studied at the Universities of Strasbourg, Würzburg, and Mainz and then subsequently went on a European tour. In 1797, he was appointed successor to his ailing father's position as Prinzipalkommissar at the Perpetual Imperial Diet in Regensburg. Karl Alexander also worked for the Thurn and Taxis postal empire, operating during a decline due to the gradual loss of territory as a result of the Napoleonic Wars.

Marriage and family

Karl Alexander married Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, fourth eldest child and third eldest daughter of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg and his wife Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt, on 25 May 1789 in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Karl Alexander and Therese had seven children:

Continuation of the post

Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis

After the end of the Holy Roman Empire, the Thurn and Taxis postal system continued to survive as a private company. Since 1806, Karl Alexander headed a private postal company, the Thurn-und-Taxis-Post. It existed first as a feud of some of the Confederation of the Rhine members, such as Baden, Bavaria, and Württemberg. Bavaria, however, nationalized the postal system two years later. After the Congress of Vienna, Karl Alexander took over the Hessian and Thuringian postal services, as well as those in the Hanseatic League cities of Bremen, Hamburg, and Lübeck, and Schaffhausen. From 1820, the company began to prosper again, so Karl Alexander began to acquire large amounts of land holdings.

Acquisition of new land

According to the Confederation of the Rhine Act, agreed upon between Napoleon I of France and the Confederation of the Rhine princes, the Principality of Thurn and Taxis lost its independence and was mediatised in 1806. Since then, the Princes of Thurn and Taxis and hence Karl Alexander, depending on the territory, were subjects of either the King of Württemberg, or the Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. In return, the House of Thurn and Taxis received the Imperial Abbey of St. Emmeram and associated territories in Regensburg. Karl Alexander also received as the family head of the House of Thurn and Taxis, Prussian possessions in the Grand Duchy of Poland. In 1822/23, he bought from the Count Kinsky and others the Burg Richenburg in Bohemia.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 22 February 1770 – 17 March 1773: His Serene Highness Prince Karl Alexander of Thurn and Taxis
  • 17 March 1773 – 13 November 1805: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis
  • 13 November 1805 – 15 July 1827: His Serene Highness The Prince of Thurn and Taxis

Honours

  • Grand Master of the Order of Parfaite Amitié
  • Knight of the Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece

Ancestry

16. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis
16. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis
8. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
17. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg
4. Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
18. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan
9. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz
19. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden
2. Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
20. Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach
10. George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
21. Countess Sophie Christiane of Wolfstein
5. Margravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
22. Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
11. Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
23. Luise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
1. Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
24. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
12. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
25. Anna Catharina of Salm-Kyrburg
6. Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
26. Albrecht II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
13. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
27. Countess Sophie Margarethe of Oettingen-Oettingen
3. Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
28. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 16)
14. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 8)
29. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg (= 17)
7. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
30. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan (= 18)
15. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz (= 9)
31. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden (= 19)
16. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis
8. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
17. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg
4. Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
18. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan
9. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz
19. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden
2. Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
20. Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach
10. George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
21. Countess Sophie Christiane of Wolfstein
5. Margravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
22. Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
11. Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
23. Luise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
1. Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
24. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
12. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
25. Anna Catharina of Salm-Kyrburg
6. Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
26. Albrecht II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
13. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
27. Countess Sophie Margarethe of Oettingen-Oettingen
3. Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
28. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 16)
14. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 8)
29. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg (= 17)
7. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
30. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan (= 18)
15. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz (= 9)
31. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden (= 19)
8. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
17. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg
4. Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
18. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan
9. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz
19. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden
2. Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
20. Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach
10. George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
21. Countess Sophie Christiane of Wolfstein
5. Margravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
22. Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
11. Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
23. Luise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
1. Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
24. Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
12. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental
25. Anna Catharina of Salm-Kyrburg
6. Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
26. Albrecht II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
13. Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach
27. Countess Sophie Margarethe of Oettingen-Oettingen
3. Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
28. Eugen Alexander Franz, 1st Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 16)
14. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (= 8)
29. Princess Anna Adelheid of Fürstenberg (= 17)
7. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
30. Ferdinand August Leopold, Prince of Lobkowicz, Duke of Sagan (= 18)
15. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz (= 9)
31. Margravine Maria Anna Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden (= 19)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://thepeerage.com/p11061.htm#i110604
https://web.archive.org/web/20090503161614/http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/thurn.html
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/thurn.html
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/104080892
http://isni.org/isni/0000000006750890
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jx20100524020&CON_LNG=ENG
https://viaf.org/viaf/12733266
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/12733266
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