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Kamil Krofta

Kamil Krofta Czechoslovak minister of foreign affairs and historian

Czechoslovak minister of foreign affairs and historian
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Czechoslovak minister of foreign affairs and historian
A.K.A. Krofta
Countries Austria-Hungary Czechoslovakia
Occupations Historian Politician Diplomat Regional historian
Type Politics Social science
Gender male
Birth 17 July 1876 (Plzeň)
Death 16 August 1945 (Vráž)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Father: Josef Krofta
The details
Biography

Kamil Krofta (17 July 1876 – 16 August 1945) was a Czech historian and diplomat.

Life and career

Born and schooled in Plzeň, he studied history in Prague starting in 1894, then from 1896 to 1899 in Vienna. From 1901 he worked at the National Archives. Beginning in 1911, he was a professor of Austrian (and later, Czech) history at Charles University, following the Jaroslav Goll school of thought. In his research, he focused on the late medieval and early Czech history, especially that of the peasantry as well as the church.

In 1920, he became the first Czechoslovak envoy to The Vatican and was instrumental in the mutual recognition of both states. From 1922 until 1925, he resided as envoy in Vienna and lectured at the Comenius University in Bratislava. From 1925 to 1927 he was the Czechoslovak envoy in Berlin. After returning to Prague, he headed the Presidium of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Krofta was a key foreign policy advisor to Edvard Beneš who headed the Ministry until he became President of Czechoslovakia in 1935. Krofta served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 29 February 1936 until 4 October 1938. He succeeded Milan Hodža.

Krofta became an active participant in the resistance during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War II through the National Revolution Preparatory Assembly (Přípravný národní Revoluční výbor). In 1944, was he arrested and initially held at Pankrác Prison. He was later moved to Theresienstadt concentration camp and remained incarcerated until the camp was liberated in May 1945. He died in Prague a few months later as a result of the abuse and neglect during imprisonment.

Selected publications

  • Kurie a církevní správa zemí českých v době předhusitské
  • Řím a Čechy před hnutím husitským
  • Historia Fratrum a Rozmlouvání starého Čecha s mladým rytířem
  • Listy z náboženských dějin českých
  • Bílá hora
  • Přehled dějin selského stavu v Čechách a na Moravě
  • Čtení o ústavních dějinách slovenských
  • Čechové a Slováci před svým státním sjednocením
  • Žižka a husitská revoluce
  • Z dob naší první republiky
  • Nesmrtelný národ
  • Malé dějiny československé
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Sources
References
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10909345p
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10909345p
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83215174
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110223687
http://openlibrary.org/a/OL6051903A/Kamil-Krofta
http://purl.org/pressemappe20/folder/pe/010497
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jk01063388&CON_LNG=ENG
https://d-nb.info/gnd/121313891
https://viaf.org/viaf/22134070
https://www.idref.fr/08028616X
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q87020
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