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Kamil Krofta

Kamil Krofta

Czechoslovak minister of foreign affairs and historian
Kamil Krofta
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Czechoslovak minister of foreign affairs and historian
A.K.A. Krofta
Was Politician Diplomat Historian Regional historian
From Austria-Hungary Czech Republic
Type Social science Politics
Gender male
Birth 17 July 1876, Plzeň, Czech Republic
Death 16 August 1945, Vráž, Czech Republic (aged 69 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Father: Josef Krofta
The details

Biography

Kamil Krofta (17 July 1876 – 16 August 1945) was a Czech historian and diplomat.

Life and career

Born and schooled in Plzeň, he studied history in Prague starting in 1894, then from 1896 to 1899 in Vienna. From 1901 he worked at the National Archives. Beginning in 1911, he was a professor of Austrian (and later, Czech) history at Charles University, following the Jaroslav Goll school of thought. In his research, he focused on the late medieval and early Czech history, especially that of the peasantry as well as the church.

In 1920, he became the first Czechoslovak envoy to The Vatican and was instrumental in the mutual recognition of both states. From 1922 until 1925, he resided as envoy in Vienna and lectured at the Comenius University in Bratislava. From 1925 to 1927 he was the Czechoslovak envoy in Berlin. After returning to Prague, he headed the Presidium of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Krofta was a key foreign policy advisor to Edvard Beneš who headed the Ministry until he became President of Czechoslovakia in 1935. Krofta served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 29 February 1936 until 4 October 1938. He succeeded Milan Hodža.

Krofta became an active participant in the resistance during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War II through the National Revolution Preparatory Assembly (Přípravný národní Revoluční výbor). In 1944, was he arrested and initially held at Pankrác Prison. He was later moved to Theresienstadt concentration camp and remained incarcerated until the camp was liberated in May 1945. He died in Prague a few months later as a result of the abuse and neglect during imprisonment. He was awarded Order of Saint Sava.

Selected publications

  • Kurie a církevní správa zemí českých v době předhusitské
  • Řím a Čechy před hnutím husitským
  • Historia Fratrum a Rozmlouvání starého Čecha s mladým rytířem
  • Listy z náboženských dějin českých
  • Bílá hora
  • Přehled dějin selského stavu v Čechách a na Moravě
  • Čtení o ústavních dějinách slovenských
  • Čechové a Slováci před svým státním sjednocením
  • Žižka a husitská revoluce
  • Z dob naší první republiky
  • Nesmrtelný národ
  • Malé dějiny československé
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://openlibrary.org/a/OL6051903A/Kamil-Krofta
http://purl.org/pressemappe20/folder/pe/010497
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10909345p
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb10909345p
https://d-nb.info/gnd/121313891
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110223687
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83215174
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jk01063388&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.nlg.gr/resource/authority/record143532
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000457223&local_base=nlx10
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p067883990
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