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Kameshwara
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Biography

Kameshwara, Bamesvara, or Kameçvara was the second monarch of Kediri kingdom and ruled circa 1117–1130 CE. His formal stylized name was Çri Maharaja Rake Sirikan çri Kameçvara Sakalabhuvanatustikarana Sarvanivaryyaviryya Parakrama Digjayottunggadeva. The Lanchana (royal seal) of his reign was a skull with a crescent moon called chandrakapala, the symbol of Shiva.

Tradition mentioned King Kameshwara as a man of prowess and a strikingly handsome man. His name derived from Kama-ishvara, another name of Kamadeva, the Hindu god of love and desire. His queen consort Çri Kirana was also mentioned as a woman with extraordinary beauty. Kameshvara was the prince of Kediri, while Çri Kirana was the princess of Kahuripan. The royal marriage between Kameshwara and Kirana was celebrated as the reunification of Java, between Kediri (Panjalu) and Kahuripan (Janggala), marking the reunification of former Airlangga's kingdom.

In 1130 Kameshwara was succeeded by his son, Jayabaya.

In Smaradhana and Panji cycles

During his reign, Mpu Dharmaja composed an adoration epic poem Smaradhana, in which the king was adored as the incarnation of Kamajaya, the god of love, and his capital city Dahana was admired throughout the known world. Kameçvara's wife, Çri Kirana, was celebrated as the incarnation of Kamaratih, goddess of love and passion.

The story of royal couple has inspired the famous tales of love and adventure known as Panji cycle. Kameshwara was mentioned as Raden Inu (Hino) Kertapati, while his consort Sri Kirana was mentioned as Dewi Sekartaji. However, in this tales the kingdoms was curiously switched from the historical figure, Kirana was mentioned as the princess of Kediri, while Inu Kertapati was mentioned as the prince of Kahuripan (Koripan). The Panji tales spread throughout Southeast Asia as far as Siam as the tales of prince Inao or Egnao.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 24 Jun 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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https://books.google.com/books?id=iDyJBFTdiwoC
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