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Kai Winding

Kai Winding

Danish-born American jazz musician and trombonist
The basics
Quick Facts
Occupations Composer Jazz musician
Countries United States of America
A.K.A. Kai Chresten Winding
Gender male
Birth May 18, 1922 (Aarhus)
Death May 6, 1983 (Yonkers)
Education Stuyvesant High School
The details

Kai Chresten Winding (May 18, 1922 – May 6, 1983) was a Danish-born American trombonist and jazz composer. He is well known for a successful collaboration with fellow trombonist J. J. Johnson.


Winding was born May 18, 1922 in Aarhus, Denmark. His family emigrated in 1934 to the United States. He graduated in 1940 from Stuyvesant High School in New York City and that same year began his career as a professional trombonist with Shorty Allen's band. Subsequently, he played with Sonny Dunham and Alvino Rey until he entered the United States Coast Guard during World War II.

After the war, Winding joined Benny Goodman's band, and later moved on to Stan Kenton's orchestra. Winding participated in the first of the Birth of the Cool sessions in 1949, appearing on 4 of the 12 tracks (while J. J. Johnson appears on the other eight, having participated on the other two sessions). In 1954, at the urging of producer Ozzie Cadena, he joined forces with Johnson to produce a highly successful series of trombone duet recordings, which were initially on Savoy Records and then on the Columbia Records label. While at Columbia, Winding experimented with different instrumentation in brass ensembles: the 1956 album Jay & Kai + 6 features a trombone octet, as well as Winding and Johnson performing on the trombone-like valved horn called the trombonium. Winding also arranged and/or composed many of the tracks he and Johnson recorded. Unlike most players who absorbed the "bebop" style, Winding notably used more overtly trombonistic slide and mute effects from the earlier eras of jazz, as had another former Goodman trombonist Bill Harris, sounds which Johnson studiously avoided.

During the 1960s, Winding had a long stint at Verve Records and under producer Creed Taylor made some of his most memorable jazz-pop albums. He released the first version of "Time Is On My Side" in 1963 before it was recorded by Irma Thomas and The Rolling Stones. His best selling recording from this period is "More," the theme from the movie Mondo Cane. Arranged and conducted by Claus Ogerman, "More" featured what is probably the first appearance of the French electronic music instrument the Ondioline on an American recording. Though Winding himself was credited with playing the Ondioline, guitarist Vinnie Bell, who worked on the session, has said he remembers distinctly that the French electronic-music pioneer Jean-Jacques Perrey was the actual player. He served as Musical Director for the Playboy Club, in mid-sixties New York, when rock was beginning to edge out jazz as the fashionable club music.

While at Verve, Winding further experimented with various ensembles, made solo albums, and even an album of country music with the Anita Kerr Singers. In the late 1960s, Winding followed Creed Taylor to his new recording label at A&M/CTI and made at least two more albums with Johnson.

In the 1970s and early 1980s, Winding recorded for a number of independent record labels. During this time, he continued to give clinics, play jazz concerts and even reunited with Johnson for a live concert in Japan. He was a member of the all-star jazz group Giants of Jazz in 1971-2. He also wrote instructional jazz trombone books that included transcribed solos.

Winding died of a brain tumor in New York City in 1983. He was survived at the time by his wife, the accomplished painter Ezshwan Winding, and his son, the session keyboardist Jai Winding.


(From left:) Eddie Safranski, Kai Winding, Stan Kenton, Pete Rugolo, and Shelly Manne, ca. January 1946.
Photograph by William P. Gottlieb.

As leader/co-leader

  • Kai Winding All Stars (Roost, 1949–51 [1952])
  • Trombone by Three (Prestige, 1949 [1956]) with J. J. Johnson and Bennie Green
  • Jay & Kai (Savoy, 1952–54 [1955]) with J. J. Johnson
  • An Afternoon at Birdland (RCA Records, 1954) with J. J. Johnson
  • Dec. 3, 1954 (Prestige, 1954) with J. J. Johnson
  • K + J.J. (Bethlehem, 1955) with J. J. Johnson – also released as Nuf Said
  • Trombone for Two (Columbia, 1955) with J. J. Johnson
  • Jay and Kai + 6 (Columbia, 1956) with J. J. Johnson
  • Dave Brubeck and Jay & Kai at Newport (Columbia, 1956) with J. J. Johnson – split album
  • Jay and Kai (Columbia, 1956) with J. J. Johnson
  • The Trombone Sound (Columbia, 1956)
  • Trombone Panorama (Columbia, 1956)
  • The Axidentals with the Kai Winding Trombones (ABC-Paramount, 1958)
  • The Swingin' States (Columbia, 1958)
  • Dance to the City Beat (Columbia, 1959)
  • The Great Kai & J. J. (Impulse!, 1960) with J. J. Johnson
  • The Incredible Kai Winding Trombones (Impulse!, 1960)
  • Kai Olé (Verve, 1961)
  • Suspense Themes in Jazz (Verve, 1962)
  • That's Where It Is (Sesac, 1963)
  • Solo (Verve, 1963)
  • Soul Surfin' (Verve, 1963) featuring Kenny Burrell – also released as !!!More!!!
  • Kai Winding (Verve, 1963)
  • Mondo Cane #2 (Verve, 1964)
  • Modern Country (Verve, 1965)
  • Rainy Day (Verve, 1965)
  • The In Instrumentals (Verve, 1965)
  • More Brass (Verve, 1966)
  • Dirty Dog (Verve, 1966)
  • Penny Lane & Time (Verve, 1967)
  • Israel (A&M/CTI, 1968) with J. J. Johnson
  • Betwixt & Between (A&M/CTI, 1968) with J. J. Johnson
  • Stonebone (A&M/CTI [Japan], 1969) with J. J. Johnson
  • Danish Blue (Glendale, 1974 [1976])
  • Lionel Hamton Presents Kai Winding (Who's Who in Jazz, 1977)
  • Caravan (Glendale, 1977)
  • Jazz Showcase (Gateway, 1977)
  • Duo Bones (Red, 1979) with Dino Piana
  • Bone Appétit (Black & Blue, 1980) with Curtis Fuller
  • Giant Bones '80 (Sonet, 1980) with Curtis Fuller
  • Trombone Summit (MPS, 1981) with Albert Mangelsdorff, Bill Watrous and Jiggs Whigham

As sideman

With Paul Desmond

  • Summertime (A&M/CTI, 1968)

With Curtis Fuller

  • Cabin in the Sky (Impulse!, 1962)

With The Giants of Jazz

  • The Giants of Jazz (Atlantic, 1971) with Art Blakey, Dizzy Gillespie, Al McKibbon, Thelonious Monk and Sonny Stitt

With Dizzy Gillespie

  • The Complete RCA Victor Recordings (Bluebird, 1937-1949, [1995])

With Stan Kenton

  • Stan Kenton's Milestones (Capitol, 1943-47 [1950])
  • Stan Kenton Classics (Capitol, 1944-47 [1952])
  • Artistry in Rhythm (Capitol, 1946)
  • Encores (Capitol, 1947)
  • The Kenton Era (Capitol, 1940–54, [1955])

With the Modern Jazz Quartet

  • Jazz Dialogue (Atlantic, 1965)

With Oscar Pettiford

  • Oscar Pettiford Sextet (Vogue, 1954)

With Pete Rugolo

  • Rugolomania (Columbia, 1955)
  • New Sounds by Pete Rugolo (Harmony, 1954-55, [1957])

With Lalo Schifrin

  • New Fantasy (Verve, 1964)

With Zoot Sims

  • The Brothers (Prestige, 1949)

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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