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Julius Kollmann
German anthropologist

Julius Kollmann

Julius Kollmann
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German anthropologist
Was Anthropologist Zoologist
From Germany Germany
Field Biology Social science
Gender male
Birth 24 February 1834, Holzheim, Dillingen, Swabia, Bavaria
Death 24 June 1918, Basel, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland (aged 84 years)
The details (from wikipedia)


Julius Kollmann (24 February 1834, Holzheim am Forst – 24 June 1918, Basel) was a German anatomist, zoologist and anthropologist.

He studied at the universities of Munich and Berlin, then furthered his education in London and Paris. In 1859 he received his doctorate, qualifying as lecturer at Munich in 1862. Beginning in 1878, he served as a full professor of anatomy at the University of Basel. In 1888 he was chosen as university rector.

Known for his work in the fields of descriptive anatomy and histology, he eventually became associated with studies involving evolutionary theory, developmental history and anthropology. In 1884 Kollmann introduced the term "neoteny" to define the transformation process where animals such as newts mature sexually while still in the larval form. As an anthropologist, he conducted analyses of prehistoric skulls found at Auvernier and Schweizersbild.

Selected works

  • Ueber den Verlauf des Lungenmagennerven in der Bauchhöhle, in: Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, vol. 10, Leipzig 1860, pp. [413]–448.
  • Die Entwicklung der Adergeflechte. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Gehirnes, Leipzig 1861.
  • Atlas der allgemeinen thierischen Gewebelehre, 1861 (with Theodor von Hessling and Joseph Albert) – Atlas of general animal histology.
  • Mechanik des menschlichen Körpers, München 1874 – Mechanics of the human body.
  • Plastische Anatomie des menschlichen Körpers. Ein Handbuch für Künstler und Kunstfreunde, 1886 – Plastic anatomy and the human body.
  • Schädel aus alten Gräbern bei Genf (Corsier, Vernier, La Cluse, Petit Sacconez): Zwei Schädel aus Pfahlbauten und die Bedeutung desjenigen von Auvernier für die Rassenanatomie, 1886 – Skulls from ancient burial sites near Geneva.
  • Lehrbuch der Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen, 1898 - Textbook on the developmental history of humans.
  • Der Mensch vom Schweizersbild, 1901 – The human remains from Schweizersbild.
  • Pygmaeen in Europa und Amerika, 1902 – Pygmies in Europe and America.
  • Handatlas der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen, 1907 – Hand-atlas on the developmental history of humans.
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