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Julius Bauschinger

Julius Bauschinger German astronomer

German astronomer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German astronomer
A.K.A. Bauschinger
Countries Germany France
Occupations Astronomer Professor Educator
Type Academia Science
Gender male
Birth 28 January 1860 (Fürth)
Death 21 January 1934 (Leipzig)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Family
Father: Johann Bauschinger
The details
Biography

Julius Bauschinger (January 28, 1860 – January 21, 1934) was a German astronomer.

Biography

Julius Bauschinger was born in Fürth, the son of the physicist Johann Bauschinger. He studied at the Universities of Munich and Berlin, graduating under the direction of Hugo Hans von Seeliger with a thesis titled "Studies on the motion of the planet Mercury" (1884). In 1882, he was part of a German expedition to Hartford, Connecticut, in order to observe the transit of Venus.

From 1883 he was assistant and observer at the Munich observatory. In 1896 he was named director of the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut and professor of theoretical astronomy in Berlin, a position he held until 1909, when he became director of the Strasbourg observatory.

Bauschinger was dissertation advisor for Alfred Wegener's 1905 doctral thesis in astronomy.

From 1920 to 1930 he directed the Leipzig observatory. He died in Munich in 1934.

Publications

Main publications

  • Julius Bauschinger: Untersuchungen über die Bewegung des Planeten Merkur, 1884 (thesis)
  • Julius Bauschinger: Ueber die Biegung von Meridianfernrohren, 1888 (inaugural thesis, review in Bulletin Astronomique, Serie I, vol. 5, pp. 298–301 )
  • H. Seeliger and Julius Bauschinger: Erstes Münchener Sternverzeichniss : enthaltend die mittleren Örter von 33082 Sternen, 1890
  • Julius Bauschinger: Ueber die Biegung von Meridianfernrohren, Neue Annalen der Koeniglichen Sternwarte in Bogenhausen bei Muenchen, vol. 2, pp.D1-D18.2, 1891,
  • Julius Bauschinger: Zweites Münchener Sternverzeichniss, enthaltend die mittleren Oerter von 13200 Sternen, für das Aequinoctium 1880, Munich, 1891 (review in Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 2 (1892), 46-48 )
  • Julius Bauschinger: Ausgleichsrechnung, Enzyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften, volume 1-2, pages 768-798, 1900
  • Julius Bauschinger: Interpolation, volume 1-2, pages 799-820, 1901
  • Julius Bauschinger: Tafeln zur theoretischen Astronomie, 1901 (1st edition), 1934 (2nd edition)
  • Julius Bauschinger: Bahnbestimmung der Himmelskörper, 1906 (1st edition), 1928 (2nd edition)
  • Julius Bauschinger and Jean Peters: Logarithmisch-trigonometrische Tafeln mit acht Dezimalstellen, 1910, 1911 (2 volumes), 2nd edition in 1936 (with an additional English introduction as a separate brochure), 3rd edition in 1958,
  • Julius Bauschinger: Bestimmung und Zusammenhang der Astronomischen Konstanten, Enzyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften, volume 6-2-1, pages 844-896, 1919
  • Julius Bauschinger: Rotation der Himmelskörper, Enzyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften, volume 6-2-1, pages 995-1019, 1923

Secondary publications

  • publications at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut:
  • Julius Bauschinger: Zur Frage über die Bewegung des Mercurperihels, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 109, columns 27-32, 1884
  • Julius Bauschinger: Über die Münchener Sterne der Bonner Südlichen Durchmusterung, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 126, columns 319-322, 1891
  • Julius Bauschinger: Ephemeride für den periodischen Cometen Brooks (1889 V), Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 141, 1896, columns 301-302
  • Julius Bauschinger: Ephemeride für den periodischen Cometen Brooks (1889 V) 1896 VI, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 142, number 18, 1897, columns 283-284
  • Julius Bauschinger and P. V. Neugebauer: Tabellen zur Geschichte und Statistik der kleinen Planeten, Veröffentlichungen des Königlichen Astronomischen Rechen-Instituts zu Berlin, number 16, 1901, pages 1–16
  • Julius Bauschinger: Abhandlungen zur Bahnbestimmung der Cometen : (1772) Insigniores orbitae Cometarum proprietates (1761) ; Observations sur l'Orbite apparante des Comètes (1771) / J. H. Lambert, 1902 (German edition)
  • Gottfried Zedler, Julius Bauschinger, and Edward Schröder: Die älteste Gutenbergtype, Mainz, 1902
  • Julius Bauschinger: Numerierung neu entdeckter Planeten, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 167, number 16, 1905, columns 267-268
  • Julius Bauschinger: Bahnen neu entdeckter Planeten, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 167, number 16, 1905, columns 267-272
  • Julius Bauschinger: Numerierung neuentdeckter kleiner Planeten, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 169, 1905, columns 285-286
  • Julius Bauschinger: Vorläufige Elemente neuentdeckter kleiner Planeten, Astronomische Nachrichten, volume 174, 1907, columns 53-56
  • many other articles here
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References
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.18841090104
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.18911262005
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.18961411804
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.18971421807
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.19041670913
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.19041671605
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.19051691807
http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fasna.19071740403
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1884AN....109...27B
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1888BuAsI...5..298.
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1890AnBog...1....1S
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