Jürgen Fanghänel (born 1 August 1951 in Limbach-Oberfrohna, Saxony) is a retired East German amateur boxer, who competed in 1970s and 1980s.
Fanghänel won the bronze medal in the men's heavyweight division (91 kg) at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. There he was defeated in the semifinals by Pyotr Zayev of the Soviet Union. Two years earlier he also captured the bronze medal, at the second World Championships in Belgrade. In 1982 he ended up second at the World Championships in Munich, West Germany.
1972 - Munich
- Defeated Atanas Suvandzhiev (Bulgaria) first-round knockout
- Lost to Ion Alexe (Romania) by decision, 0–5
1976 - Montreal
- Round of 32: Lost to Viktor Ivanov (Soviet Union) by decision, 2–3
1980 - Moscow
- Round of 16: Defeated Luis Castillo (Ecuador) by decision, 4–1
- Quarterfinal: Defeated Petar Stoimenov (Bulgaria) referee stopped contest in second round
- Semifinal: Lost to Pyotr Zayev (Soviet Union) by decision, 0–5 (was awarded bronze medal)