Quantcast
JMO
1335 views this week
Joseph Maria Olbrich

Joseph Maria Olbrich

Austrian architect
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Austrian architect
A.K.A. Josef Maria Olbrich
Countries Austria-Hungary
Occupations Architect
Gender male
Birth 22 December 1867 (Opava)
Death 8 August 1908 (Düsseldorf)
Education Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Notable Works Secession Building
Joseph Maria Olbrich
The details
Biography

Joseph Maria Olbrich (22 December 1867 – 8 August 1908) was an Austrian architect and co-founder of the Vienna Secession.

Early life

Olbrich was born in Opava, Austrian Silesia (today in the Czech Republic), the third child of Edmund and Aloisia Olbrich. He had two sisters, who died before he was born, and two younger brothers, John and Edmund. His father was a prosperous confectioner and wax manufacturer who also owned a brick works, where Olbrich's interest in the construction industry has its early origin.

Career

Olbrich studied architecture at the University of Applied Arts Vienna (Wiener Staatsgewerbeschule) and the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, where he won several prizes. These included the Prix de Rome, for which he traveled in Italy and North Africa. In 1893, he started working for Otto Wagner, the Austrian architect, and probably did the detailed construction for most of Wagner's Wiener Stadtbahn (Metropolitan Railway) buildings.

In 1897, Gustav Klimt, Olbrich, Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser founded the Vienna Secession artistic group. Olbrich designed their exhibition building, the famous Secession Hall, which became the movement's landmark. In 1899, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, founded the Darmstadt Artists' Colony, for which Olbrich designed many houses (including his own) and several exhibition buildings. Olbrich gained Hessian citizenship in 1900 and was appointed to a professorship by the Grand Duke. In 1903, he married Claire Morawe.

Joseph Maria Olbrich around 1908.

In the following years, Olbrich executed diverse architectural commissions and experimented in applied arts and design. He designed pottery, furniture, book bindings, and musical instruments. His courtyard and interiors at the St. Louis World's Fair won the highest prize at the exhibition. At the time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch wrote of his pavilion, "The interior decorators of the United States are now talking about the Olbrich Pavilion. It is already indicated as one of the things at the World's Fair which will leave a permanent mark upon American life." He was subsequently appointed corresponding member of the American Institute of Architects. His architectural works, especially his exhibition buildings for the Vienna and Darmstadt Secessions, had a strong influence on the development of the Art Nouveau style.

Shortly after his daughter Marianne's birth on July 19, 1908, Olbrich died from leukemia in Düsseldorf on August 8, aged 40.

Works

  • The Secession hall, Vienna
  • Residence for Hermann Bahr, Vienna
  • Hochzeitsturm and other buildings at Darmstadt Artists' Colony, Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt
  • Department store for Leonhard Tietz, Düsseldorf
  • Villa for Josef Feinhals, Cologne, built 1908 and destroyed in World War II
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
References
http://architectuul.com
http://architectuul.com/architect/joseph-maria-olbrich
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12173439x
http://exhibits.slpl.org/lpe/data/lpe240023104.asp?Image=71751351
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081189415
http://kulturnav.org/c8cad5ca-3b68-4f63-be79-7b0ba681c2b0
http://openlibrary.org/books/OL24607147M/Ideen
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6zs3p19
http://www.leopoldmuseum.org/en/exhibitions/24/art-nouveau-and-secession
http://www.nga.gov/education/tchan_5_15.shtm
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jn20000720207&CON_LNG=ENG
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes