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Joseph Maria Olbrich

Joseph Maria Olbrich

Austrian architect
Joseph Maria Olbrich
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Austrian architect
Known for Secession Building
A.K.A. Josef Maria Olbrich
Was Architect Designer
From Austria-Hungary Austria
Type Arts Creativity Engineering
Gender male
Birth 22 December 1867, Opava, Czech Republic
Death 8 August 1908, Düsseldorf, Germany (aged 40 years)
Star sign CapricornCapricorn
Joseph Maria Olbrich
The details

Biography

Joseph Maria Olbrich (22 December 1867 – 8 August 1908) was an Austrian architect and one of the Vienna Secession founders.

Early life

Olbrich was born in Opava, Austrian Silesia (today in the Czech Republic), the third child of Edmund and Aloisia Olbrich. He had two sisters, who died before he was born, and two younger brothers, John and Edmund. His father was a prosperous confectioner and wax manufacturer who also owned a brick works, where Olbrich's interest in the construction industry has its early origin.

Career

Olbrich studied architecture at the University of Applied Arts Vienna (Wiener Staatsgewerbeschule) and the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, where he won several prizes. These included the Prix de Rome, for which he traveled in Italy and North Africa. In 1893, he started working for Otto Wagner, the Austrian architect, and probably did the detailed construction for most of Wagner's Wiener Stadtbahn (Metropolitan Railway) buildings.

In 1897, Gustav Klimt, Olbrich, Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser founded the Vienna Secession artistic group. Olbrich designed their exhibition building, the famous Secession Hall, which became the movement's landmark. In 1899, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, founded the Darmstadt Artists' Colony, for which Olbrich designed many houses (including his own) and several exhibition buildings. Olbrich gained Hessian citizenship in 1900 and was appointed to a professorship by the Grand Duke. In 1903, he married Claire Morawe.

Joseph Maria Olbrich around 1908.

In the following years, Olbrich executed diverse architectural commissions and experimented in applied arts and design. He designed pottery, furniture, book bindings, and musical instruments. His courtyard and interiors at the St. Louis World's Fair won the highest prize at the exhibition. At the time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch wrote of his pavilion, "The interior decorators of the United States are now talking about the Olbrich Pavilion. It is already indicated as one of the things at the World's Fair which will leave a permanent mark upon American life." He was subsequently appointed corresponding member of the American Institute of Architects. His architectural works, especially his exhibition buildings for the Vienna and Darmstadt Secessions, had a strong influence on the development of the Art Nouveau style.

Shortly after his daughter Marianne's birth on July 19, 1908, Olbrich died from leukemia in Düsseldorf on August 8, aged 40.

Works

  • The Secession hall, Vienna
  • Residence for Hermann Bahr, Vienna
  • Hochzeitsturm and other buildings at Darmstadt Artists' Colony, Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt
  • Department store for Leonhard Tietz, Düsseldorf
  • Villa for Josef Feinhals, Cologne, built 1908 and destroyed in World War II
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=dgsFkaeksJEC
https://web.archive.org/web/20120925141700/http://www.nga.gov/education/tchan_5_15.shtm
http://www.nga.gov/education/tchan_5_15.shtm
http://www.leopoldmuseum.org/en/exhibitions/24/art-nouveau-and-secession
https://web.archive.org/web/20160304062955/http://exhibits.slpl.org/lpe/data/lpe240023104.asp?Image=71751351
http://exhibits.slpl.org/lpe/data/lpe240023104.asp?Image=71751351
https://books.google.com/books?id=Zkq0zJrxANYC
https://books.google.com/books?id=wGPPe8l-HmwC
https://openlibrary.org/books/OL24607147M/Ideen
http://architectuul.com/architect/joseph-maria-olbrich
http://architectuul.com
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