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Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg

Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
The basics
Quick Facts
A.K.A. Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Gender male
Birth August 27, 1789 (Hildburghausen, Hildburghausen, Thuringia, Germany)
Death November 25, 1868 (Altenburg, Altenburger Land, Thuringia, Germany)
Family
Mother: Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Father: FrederickDuke of Saxe-Altenburg
Siblings: GeorgDuke of Saxe-AltenburgPrince Eduard of Saxe-AltenburgFriedrich von Sachsen-AltenburgTherese of Saxe-HildburghausenPrincess Charlotte of Saxe-HildburghausenPrincess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Spouse: Duchess Amelia of Württemberg
Children: Marie of Saxe-AltenburgPrincess Elisabeth of Saxe-AltenburgPrincess Alexandra of Saxe-AltenburgTherese von Sachsen-Altenburg
The details
Biography

Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (Hildburghausen, 27 August 1789 – Altenburg, 25 November 1868), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.

In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later he was a General Major in Saxon services.

He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.

In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817 Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:

  • Marie (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
  • Pauline (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
  • Therese (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
  • Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
  • Alexandra [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Constantine Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia.
  • Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).

Ancestry

Preceded by
Frederick
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
1834–1848
Succeeded by
Georg
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