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Josef Franke

Josef Franke

German architect
Josef Franke
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German architect
A.K.A. Франке, Йозеф
Was Architect
From Germany
Type Engineering
Gender male
Birth 1876, Wattenscheid, Germany
Death 1944, Gelsenkirchen, Germany (aged 68 years)
Josef Franke
The details

Biography

Christus-König-Kirche in Oer-Erkenschwick by Josef Franke
Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche in Gelsenkirchen-Ückendorf by Josef Franke - Detail
Wohnhaus für Anrdreas Ballin in Gelsenkirchen-Bulmke by Josef Franke
Strassenbahn-Betriebshof in Gelsenkirchen by Josef Franke
Ring-Eck-Haus in Gelsenkirchen by Josef Franke

Josef Franke (March 12, 1876, Wattenscheid, Germany – January 16, 1944, Gelsenkirchen, Germany) was a German architect . He created a number of sacred and secular buildings in the Ruhrgebiet, particularly in Gelsenkirchen. He is noted for his work in the 1920s in the brick-expressionist style.

Life

After leaving school, Franke studied at the Höxter Baugewerkschule (English:building trade school) and then at the Technical university of Charlottenburg as a guest student. After completing his training he first was employed at the council structural engineering office in Cologne, and later in the architect's office of Max and Carl Anton Meckel in Freiburg im Breisgau. In 1904 he set up on his own in Gelsenkirchen. Frankes second own house, completed in 1909, is located in Gelsenkirchen in the Robert-Koch-Straße. In recent years, Frankes work in Gelsenkirchen has been rediscovered and re-evaluated by exhibitions and publications. His daughter is the Interior designer and Artist Margarete Franke.

Architectural style

Franke's most popular buildings were designed in the Brick-expressionist style, which was common in the 1920s Germany. They are characterized by the use of reddish brown brick and its setting to patterns and plastic elements on Facades, added to mostly rhythmic surface schemes. Playing with the angular, raw stone leads to a special charm, completed by carefully balanced total composition. Also the contemporary liking for triangle and parabola forms reflects in his designs of this period.

Buildings (Selected)

  • House for the painter Andreas Wilhelm Ballin, 1925, Gelsenkirchen-Bulmke
  • Blumendelle housing scheme, 1926, Gelsenkirchen-Schalke
  • Tram Depot for the Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG, 1927, Gelsenkirchen-Mitte
  • "Ring-Eck" residential building with shops, 1928, Gelsenkirchen-Mitte
  • Catholic parish church "Heilig-Kreuz", 1929, Gelsenkirchen-Ückendorf
  • "Aloysianum" girls' high school, today "Ricarda Huch Gymnasium", 1930, Gelsenkirchen-Bulmke
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://www.archinform.net/arch/6483.htm
http://www.kmkbuecholdt.de/historisches/personen/Franke1.htm
http://www.ruhr-bauten.de/bochum-jfranke.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118909150
http://isni.org/isni/0000000013724877
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p119799529
https://viaf.org/viaf/32795223
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-32795223
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