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Josef Bühler

Josef BühlerBiography, German general

German general
Josef Bühler
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German general
A.K.A. Joseph Bühler
Was Politician Jurist Lawyer
From Germany
Type Law Politics
Gender male
Birth 16 February 1904, Bad Waldsee, Germany
Death 22 August 1948, Kraków, Poland (aged 44 years)
Star sign AquariusAquarius
Politics Nazi Party
The details

Biography

Josef Bühler (16 February 1904 – 22 August 1948) was a state secretary and deputy governor to the Nazi Germany-controlled General Government in Kraków during World War II.

Background

Bühler was born in Bad Waldsee into a Catholic family of 12 children. His father was a baker. After obtaining his degree in law he received an appointment to work under Hans Frank, a legal advisor to Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. He was also elected as a member of the Weimar and Nazi Reichstags.

Nazi career

Hans Frank was appointed Minister of Justice for Bavaria in 1933. Bühler became a member of NSDAP on 1 April 1933, according to his own testimony at the Nuremberg Trials, and was appointed administrator of the Court of Munich. In 1935 he became district chief attorney.

In 1938 Hans Frank, now Reich Minister without portfolio, put him in charge of his cabinet office. After the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany in September 1939, Frank was appointed Governor-General for the occupied Polish territories and Bühler accompanied him to Kraków to take up the post of State Secretary of the General Government, also serving as Frank's deputy. He was given the honorary rank of SS-Brigadeführer by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler around this time.

Wannsee Conference and Final Solution

Bühler attended the Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942 as the representative from the Governor General's office. During this conference, which discussed the imposition of the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the German Sphere of Influence in Europe', Bühler stated to the other conference attendees the importance of solving 'the Jewish Question in the General Government as quickly as possible'.

Postwar

After the war, Bühler testified on Frank's behalf at the Nuremberg Trials. He was later extradited to Poland and tried before the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland for crimes against humanity, sentenced to death and the forfeiture of all property on 10 July 1948 and executed by hanging on 22 August at Montelupich Prison in Kraków.

In popular media

Bühler played a major part in the 1992 alternate history Fatherland, written by Robert Harris. In the novel, Nazi Germany continued to fight the Soviet Union well into the 1960s and had hopes of building an alliance and ending its Cold War with the United States. Bühler continued to serve in the novel in the General Government until 1951, when he was wounded by Polish resistance and was forced to retire. The discovery of Bühler's corpse in the Havel at the beginning of the novel sparks the investigation by the protagonist, Xavier March, a major in the now peace-time SS police force. That investigation leads to the discovery of the Final Solution. It turns out that Bühler was murdered by the Gestapo during an attempt to cover all traces of the Final Solution, which had Bühler helped to instigate.

In the 2001 HBO film Conspiracy, which portrayed the Wannsee Conference, Bühler was played by the British actor Ben Daniels.

Literature

  • Internationaler Militärgerichtshof Nürnberg (Hrsg.): Der Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher vor dem Internationalen Militärgerichtshof (14. November 1945 bis 1. Oktober 1946). Amtlicher Text in deutscher Sprache.
  • Dr. Josef Buhler, Staatssekretär and Deputy Governor-General. Supreme National Tribunal of Poland (17TH JUNE-10TH JULY, 1948), Law-Reports of Trials of War Criminals, Selected and prepared by The United Nations War Crimes Commission, Volume XIV, London, HMSO. 1948 (englisch). (PDF)
  • Bogdan Musiał: Deutsche Zivilverwaltung und Judenverfolgung im Generalgouvernement. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1999, ISBN 3-447-04208-7; 2. unveränderte Auflage, ebd. 2004, ISBN 3-447-05063-2.
  • Friedman, Towiah: Die höchsten Nazi-Beamten im General-Gouvernement in Polen in den Kriegs-Jahren 1939–45. Inst. of Documentation in Israel for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes, Haifa 2002
  • Grimm, Hans: Dr. Josef Bühler – Impusgeber bei der Wannsee-Konferenz. In: Wolfgang Praske: Täter Helfer Trittbrettfahrer. Band 4. NS-Belastete aus Oberschwaben. Kugelberg Verlag, Gerstetten 2015, ISBN 978-3-945893-00-5, p. 70–83
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://d-nb.info/969665296
https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/Law-Reports_Vol-14.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20080806182554/http://www.ghwk.de/engl/cateng6a.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20080918203746/http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/WCC/buhler1.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20090529053743/http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/main.php?search=simple&dquery=keyword(ROSENBERG,+ALFRED)&cache_file=uia_agxOnc&total_recs=39&page_len=25&page=1&rec=23&file_num=3022
https://web.archive.org/web/20090529071517/http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/main.php?search=simple&dquery=keyword(GOERING,+HERMANN)&cache_file=uia_nBMMly&total_recs=146&page_len=25&page=1&rec=20&file_num=3023
https://d-nb.info/gnd/124753698
http://isni.org/isni/000000011663505X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2003081507
https://viaf.org/viaf/67407884
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/67407884
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