José Benlliure y Gil (30 September 1858, Valencia – 5 April 1937, Valencia), was a Spanish painter.
He was born at Cañamelar, Valencia, studied painting under Francisco Domingo Marqués, and showed from the first such marked talent that he was sent to the Spanish school in Rome. From 1903 to 1913, he was director of the Spanish Academy of Fine Arts.
He was one of the select circle pensioned by the Spanish government for residence in Italy and executed several state orders for the decoration of public buildings; but he owes his chief fame to his large historical paintings, notably the "Vision in the Coliseum." He became the leader of the Spanish art colony in Rome, where he practised as painter and sculptor.
He married to Maria Ortiz in 1880, after establishing his residence in Rome. In Italy he painted small genre paintings, and begins in the city of Assisi on the View of the Coliseum (now in the Museum of Fine Arts in Valencia), a painting he won a first prize in the National exhibition of 1887, together with his brother, the sculptor Mariano Benlliure, who presented the award winning sculpture of the painter Josep de Ribera.
Benlliure obtained several successes in Paris, Munich, Stuttgart and Berlin with his paintings. In 1903 he assumed leadership of the Spanish Academy in Rome, succeeding his brother Marian, a position he would keep for ten years.
He was also the father of painter Josep Benlliure i Ortiz, known as Peppino, who was born in Rome in 1884. In late 1919 the pensioners he surrendered a tribute to Rome with an exhibition of 45 paintings in Madrid in their halls of Theatre Royal. When he returns to the Valencia he is appointed as honorary president of the Circle of Fine Arts in Vaslentia (Cercle de Belles Arts), and made to director of the Museu de Belles Arts de València, a position he hold until 1924. He receives the Grand Cross of the Crown of Italy and the Cross of Officer of the Legion of Honor by the French government.
His brothers Juan Antonio and Mariano were also a painter and a sculptor, respectively.