About Jolande Jacobi: Psychologist who worked with and wrote about Carl Jung (1890 - 1973) | Biography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
peoplepill id: jolande-jacobi
1 views today
1 views this week
Jolande Jacobi
Psychologist who worked with and wrote about Carl Jung

Jolande Jacobi

Jolande Jacobi
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Psychologist who worked with and wrote about Carl Jung
A.K.A. Jolande Szekacs
Was Psychologist
From Austria Hungary Switzerland
Field Healthcare
Gender female
Birth 25 March 1890, Budapest, Hungary
Death 1 April 1973, Zürich, Switzerland (aged 83 years)
Star sign Aries
The details (from wikipedia)


Introduction to concept on collective and individual ego functions in the basic working of the psychological basis functions (feeling, thinking, sensing and intuiting) C.G. Jung

Jolande Jacobi (25 March 1890 – 1 April 1973) was a Swiss psychologist, best remembered for her work with Carl Jung, and for her writings on Jungian psychology.

Life and career

Born in Budapest, Hungary (then under Austria-Hungary) as Jolande Szekacs, she became known as Jolande Jacobi after her marriage at the age of nineteen to Andor Jacobi. She spent part of her life in Budapest (until 1919), part in Vienna (until 1938) and part in Zurich. Her parents were Jewish, but Jacobi converted first to the Reformed faith (in 1911), later in life to Roman Catholicism (in 1934). Jacobi met Jung in 1927, and later was influential in the establishment of the C.G. Jung Institute for Analytical Psychology in Zurich in 1948, where she was nicknamed 'The Locomotive' for her extraversion and administrative drive. Her students at the C.G. Jung Institute included Wallace Clift. She died in Zurich, leaving one new book (entitled: "The tree as a symbol") uncompleted.


Jacobi's first publication was an outline of Jung's psychology in its classical form, expressing his ideas clearly and simply, an outline which was to be translated into fifteen languages and go through many successful editions. Jung himself would call her writings “a very good presentation of my concepts”. Her subsequent books continued to offer clear expositions of central, classic Jungian themes.


In the sixties, Jacobi was involved in a controversy at the Zurich Institute involving the question of boundary violations with a patient on the part of the analyst James Hillman, something to which Jacobi took strong exception. The result was a firmer policy on, and greater explication of the need to avoid such violations at the Institute.


Jacobi's exposition of Jungianism is open to criticism for over-simplification and reification of Jung's more amorphous concepts of the unconscious. Her belief that “The course of individuation exhibits a certain formal regularity...this absolute order of the unconscious” laid her open to the charge of an over-literal interpretation of Jung; while her diagrams of the psyche – one with the ego at the centre, one with it at the periphery – inevitably provided only one-dimensional snapshots of the richness of psychic experience.

Works include

Jacobi, J. 'The Process of Individuation' Journal of Analytical Psychology 111 (1958)

Jacobi, J. 'Symbols in an Individual Analysis', in C. G. Jung ed, Man and his Symbols (1978 [1964]) Part 5

Jacobi, J. (1942) The Psychology of C.G. Jung: An Introduction

Jacobi, J. (1959) Complex, archetype and symbol in the psychology of C.G. Jung (translated by R. Mannheim). New York: Princeton.

Jacobi, J., Masks of the Soul Translated by Ean Begg, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1977.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
From our partners
Reference sources
Sections Jolande Jacobi

arrow-left arrow-right instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube pandora tunein iheart itunes