Quantcast
peoplepill id: john-margrave-of-brandenburg-kulmbach
JMOB
1 views today
1 views this week
John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

Margrave of Brandenburg
John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
The basics

Quick Facts

The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

John, nicknamed the Alchemist (German: Johann der Alchimist; 1406 – 16 November 1464) was a Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and served as the peace-loving Margrave of Brandenburg after the abdication of his father, Frederick I, the first member of the House of Hohenzollern to rule Brandenburg.

Biography

John was the eldest son of Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg (1371–1440), and Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (1383–1442), daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bavaria, and his second wife Maddalena Visconti.

After marrying Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg (1405–1465), daughter of Rudolf III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, John hoped to eventually succeed to Saxe-Wittenberg once its line of Ascanian dukes died out. When this happened in November 1422, however, Emperor Sigismund was on poorer terms with the Hohenzollerns and was only willing to compensate John with a monetary payment.

John began participating in governmental affairs in Brandenburg in 1424. Frustrated by disputes with the feudal nobility, Frederick I retired to his castle at Cadolzburg in Franconia in 1425, granting the regency of Brandenburg to John at a Landtag in Rathenow on January 13, 1426, while retaining the electoral dignity for himself.

John was poorly received by the populace of Brandenburg, as his administration was incompetent, leading to unrest in the countryside. Rather than governing, John was more interested in artificially creating gold through alchemy, thereby receiving the cognomen "the Alchemist". In 1433, a revised version of the alchemical treatise Buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit was prepared for John. Realizing the danger Brandenburg was in, Frederick I granted John Franconian lands in Brandenburg-Kulmbach on June 7, 1437, territory rich with mines that furnished materials for the Alchemist's hobby. The governance of Brandenburg passed to Frederick I's second-oldest son, Frederick II.

After the death of Frederick I in 1440, John inherited all of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, including the castle of Plassenburg in Kulmbach. In his later years, he allowed Christopher of Bavaria to administer his possessions in the Upper Palatinate until Christopher's death in 1448. John ruled as Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach until abdicating in 1457, which allowed him to dedicate himself toward studying alchemy and the environs of Franconia. He died in Castle Scharfeneck near Baiersdorf in 1464.

Family and children

John of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg had four children:

Ancestors

16. Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg
16. Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg
8. John II, Burgrave of Nuremberg
17. Margaret of Carinthia
4. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg
18. Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen
9. Elisabeth of Henneberg-Schleusingen
19. Adelheid of Hesse
2. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg
20. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen
10. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
21. Elisabeth of Lobdaburg-Arnshaugk
5. Elisabeth of Meissen
22. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Mathilde of Bavaria
23. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau
1. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
24. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (= 22)
12. Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria
25. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau (= 23)
6. Frederick of Bavaria-Landshut
26. Frederick III of Sicily
13. Elisabeth of Sicily
27. Eleanor of Anjou
3. Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut
28. Stefano Visconti
14. Bernabò Visconti
29. Valentina Doria
7. Maddalena Visconti
30. Mastino II della Scala
15. Beatrice Regina della Scala
31. Taddea da Carrara
16. Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg
8. John II, Burgrave of Nuremberg
17. Margaret of Carinthia
4. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg
18. Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen
9. Elisabeth of Henneberg-Schleusingen
19. Adelheid of Hesse
2. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg
20. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen
10. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
21. Elisabeth of Lobdaburg-Arnshaugk
5. Elisabeth of Meissen
22. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Mathilde of Bavaria
23. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau
1. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
24. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (= 22)
12. Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria
25. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau (= 23)
6. Frederick of Bavaria-Landshut
26. Frederick III of Sicily
13. Elisabeth of Sicily
27. Eleanor of Anjou
3. Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut
28. Stefano Visconti
14. Bernabò Visconti
29. Valentina Doria
7. Maddalena Visconti
30. Mastino II della Scala
15. Beatrice Regina della Scala
31. Taddea da Carrara
8. John II, Burgrave of Nuremberg
17. Margaret of Carinthia
4. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg
18. Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen
9. Elisabeth of Henneberg-Schleusingen
19. Adelheid of Hesse
2. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg
20. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen
10. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
21. Elisabeth of Lobdaburg-Arnshaugk
5. Elisabeth of Meissen
22. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
11. Mathilde of Bavaria
23. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau
1. John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
24. Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (= 22)
12. Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria
25. Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau (= 23)
6. Frederick of Bavaria-Landshut
26. Frederick III of Sicily
13. Elisabeth of Sicily
27. Eleanor of Anjou
3. Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut
28. Stefano Visconti
14. Bernabò Visconti
29. Valentina Doria
7. Maddalena Visconti
30. Mastino II della Scala
15. Beatrice Regina della Scala
31. Taddea da Carrara
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 31 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
From our partners
Sponsored
Reference sources
References
http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb014/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0140155)
https://web.archive.org/web/20070927022119/http://www.marlesreuth.de/johann4_markgraf_brandenburg_alchimist_1406.html
http://www.bnbt.de/~tr1035/bt/wer/mgalbrechtachilles.htm
https://d-nb.info/gnd/124890024
https://viaf.org/viaf/42783369
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/42783369
arrow-left arrow-right instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube pandora tunein iheart itunes