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John Magruder (Brigadier General)

John Magruder (Brigadier General)

United States general
John Magruder (Brigadier General)
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro United States general
Was Military leader
From United States of America
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 3 June 1887, Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia, U.S.A.
Death 30 April 1958, Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, U.S.A. (aged 70 years)
Peoplepill ID john-magruder
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

John Magruder (June 3, 1887 – April 30, 1958) was a Brigadier general in the U.S. Army. Among his offices was that of Deputy Director for Intelligence for the Office of Strategic Services.

Biography

John Magruder was born on June 3, 1887 in Woodstock, Virginia. He attended Virginia Military Institute and graduated in 1909. He was commissioned a Second lieutenant in Infantry in 1910. He was transferred to the Field Artillery branch of the Army in the next year.

During World War I, Magruder served with the 112th Field Artillery within the American Expeditionary Forces in France.

After the war Magruder was transferred to China, where he was appointed an Assistant Military Attaché in Beijing. He served in this capacity until 1924, when he was assigned for study at Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After his graduation, Magruder was transferred back to Beijing, now in the new capacity of Military Attaché.

During World War II Magruder served in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), as Deputy Director under the leadership of General William J. Donovan. After the war, the OSS was disbanded. Core elements of it, however, were maintained in the new Strategic Services Unit (SSU), located in the then Department of War. This newly formed SSU was led by General Magruder. In 1947 the civilian Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created, which absorbed the SSU.

Decorations

Army Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
World War I Victory Medal with four service stars
American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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