John Magruder (June 3, 1887 – April 30, 1958) was a Brigadier general in the U.S. Army. Among his offices was that of Deputy Director for Intelligence for the Office of Strategic Services.
John Magruder was born on June 3, 1887 in Woodstock, Virginia. He attended Virginia Military Institute and graduated in 1909. He was commissioned a Second lieutenant in Infantry in 1910. He was transferred to the Field Artillery branch of the Army in the next year.
During World War I, Magruder served with the 112th Field Artillery within the American Expeditionary Forces in France.
After the war Magruder was transferred to China, where he was appointed an Assistant Military Attaché in Beijing. He served in this capacity until 1924, when he was assigned for study at Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After his graduation, Magruder was transferred back to Beijing, now in the new capacity of Military Attaché.
During World War II Magruder served in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), as Deputy Director under the leadership of General William J. Donovan. After the war, the OSS was disbanded. Core elements of it, however, were maintained in the new Strategic Services Unit (SSU), located in the then Department of War. This newly formed SSU was led by General Magruder. In 1947 the civilian Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created, which absorbed the SSU.
|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
||World War I Victory Medal with four service stars|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal|
|World War II Victory Medal|