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John Baker (general)

John Baker (general)

Australian army general, born 1936
John Baker (general)
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Australian army general, born 1936
Was Military personnel
From Australia
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 24 February 1936, Melbourne
Death 9 July 2007, Canberra (aged 71 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

General John Stuart Baker AC, DSM (24 February 1936 – 9 July 2007) was a senior Australian Army officer. Entering the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1954, his career culminated with his appointment as Chief of the Defence Force from 1995 to 1998, the most senior position in the Australian Defence Force. Baker also served as the inaugural Director of the Defence Intelligence Organisation from 1990 to 1992, Vice Chief of the Defence Force from 1992 to 1995, and was author of the highly influential 1988 "Baker Report".

Career

Baker entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1954. On graduation in 1957, he was allotted to the Royal Australian Engineers and later completing a degree in civil engineering at the University of Melbourne.

Baker's first regimental posting was a one-year appointment in Papua New Guinea, and not long after he spent a year in Hawaii as an exchange officer. In 1970–1971 he was attached to the 1st Australian Civil Affairs Unit during the Vietnam War, where he was Mentioned in Despatches. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1971, colonel in 1979, brigadier in 1982, major general in 1987, lieutenant general in 1992 and general in 1995.

The Baker Report

In 1987, the then Chief of the Defence Force, General Peter Gration, tasked the then Brigadier Baker to:

conduct a study of the existing ADF command arrangements in order to recommend further development to meet likely requirements into the 21st century for both low and high levels of operations.

One of the principal aims of this study was to determine the optimal command arrangements for ADF air power. The final report, commonly referred to as the Baker Report, was published in March 1988. Despite extensive reference being made to the command and control challenges posed by air power, Baker did not provide definitive guidance on how the ADF should structure its command arrangements to optimise the development and employment of air power. However, Chapter 7 of the report strongly advocated the creation of NORCOM, a recommendation that was soon adopted by the ADF. "The Baker Report" remains the seminal work on command and control in the ADF.

Honours and awards

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png DSM (Australia) ribbon.png

Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.png Vietnam Medal BAR MID.png Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.png

DFSM with Fed Star.png National Medal with Rosette.png Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg

Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Philippine Legion of Honor (Commander) ribbon.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png

Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) (1995)
Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) (1990)
Member of the Order of Australia (AM) (1980)
DSM (Australia) ribbon.png Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) (1998)
Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75 ribbon.png Australian Active Service Medal 1945-1975 with clasp Vietnam
Vietnam Medal BAR MID.png Vietnam Medal with oak leaf for Mention in Despatches
Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 ribbon.png Australian Service Medal 1945-1975 with clasp Papua New Guinea
Centenary Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Centenary Medal (2001)
DFSM with Fed Star.png Defence Force Service Medal with Federation Star (5 clasps) (40–44 years service)
National Medal with Rosette.png National Medal with clasp (1977)
Australian Defence Medal (Australia) ribbon.png Australian Defence Medal
Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svg Army Commendation Medal (United States)
Vietnam Campaign Medal ribbon.png Vietnam Campaign Medal (South Vietnam)
US Legion of Merit Commander ribbon.png Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Philippine Legion of Honor (Commander) ribbon.png Commander of the Legion of Honor (Philippines)
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) Distinguished Service Order (Military) (Singapore)

Portrait

During General Baker's tenure as Chief of Defence Force, the Royal Australian Engineers arranged for his portrait to be painted by leading Australian 20th century artist, Sir William Dargie. The portrait (1997) hangs at the RAE's School of Military Engineering in Sydney, but was also used at General Baker's funeral in Canberra at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 2007.

General John Baker Complex – HQJOC

On 7 March 2009 the Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, officially opened the "General John Baker Complex", housing the Headquarters Joint Operations Command (HQJOC) from which joint command of the Australian Defence Force is exercised by the Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS). The complex is some 25 km from the national capital, Canberra, on the Kings Highway about half-way between the towns of Queanbeyan and Bungendore. After Mr Rudd named the complex, Mrs Margaret Baker unveilled a bronze bust of General Baker. The bust was sculpted by Hal Holman.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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