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Johannes Winkler

Johannes Winkler

German aerospace engineer (1897-1947)
Johannes Winkler
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German aerospace engineer (1897-1947)
Was Engineer Aerospace engineer
From Germany
Type Engineering Science
Gender male
Birth 29 May 1897, Pokój, Poland
Death 27 December 1947, Brunswick, Germany (aged 50 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Politics Nazi Party
The details

Biography

Johannes Winkler (May 29, 1897 – December 27, 1947) was a German rocket pioneer who founded the first German rocket society and launched the first successful liquid-fuelled rocket in Europe.

In 1915 during World War I, he joined the German army and was wounded in action the following year, leading to a lengthy hospitalisation. After his recovery, he studied as a machinist at the Danzig technical college and found a job at Junkers.

On July 5, 1927, he was one of the founders the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR - "Spaceflight Society"). He also was the society's first president and editor of the VfR's Die Rakete' journal.

On March 14, 1931 at 4:45pm, he launched the Hückel-Winkler I (HW-I) at the Gross Kühnau drill field near Dessau. According to his account, it was planned to reach an altitude of 500 meters, but it turned and flew horizontally, landing 200 meters from the pad. The maximum altitude of the rocket was not recorded. It was powered by liquid oxygen and liquid methane.

Eighteen months after the HW-I flight, Winkler launched the HW-II on October 6, 1932 in a public demonstration, which included invited officials from the Königsberg council. Unfortunately, the rocket exploded within seconds of ignition because of a faulty fuel valve.

Winkler designed a number of other rockets and JATO units for Junkers and then a government aviation research institute, but none left the drawing board.

Honours

The Winkler crater, a small impact crater on the far side of the Moon, is named after Johannes Winkler.

References and notes

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/6560
https://d-nb.info/gnd/120676125
https://viaf.org/viaf/8223767
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/8223767
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