Johannes Reinke: German botanist (1849 - 1931) | Biography, Bibliography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
peoplepill id: johannes-reinke
1 views today
1 views this week
Johannes Reinke
German botanist

Johannes Reinke

Johannes Reinke
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German botanist
A.K.A. Reinke
Was Scientist Botanist Writer Professor Educator Politician
From Germany
Field Academia Literature Science Politics
Gender male
Birth 3 February 1849, Ziethen, Germany
Death 25 February 1931, Preetz, Germany (aged 82 years)
Star sign Aquarius
Siblings: Friedrich Berthold Reinke
The details (from wikipedia)


Johannes Reinke (February 3, 1849 – February 25, 1931) was a German botanist and philosopher who was a native of Ziethen, Lauenburg. He is remembered for his research of benthic marine algae.

Friedrich Berthold Reinke (right) with elder brother Johannes Reinke (left)

Academic background

He studied botany with his father from the age of eight. Reinke studied theology at Rostock, but his focus later changed to botany. In 1879 he became a professor of botany at the University of Göttingen, where he established the institute of plant physiology. From 1885 until 1921, he was a professor at the University of Kiel. Reinke was a co-founder of the Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft.


Reinke had a keen interest in the systematics, developmental cycles, cytology and physiology of brown algae. From 1888 to 1892 he published a number of articles on marine algae from the North and Baltic Seas — in regards to the Baltic, he described several new genera of algae. He also published works on the algal families Tilopteridaceae (1889) and Sphacelariaceae (1890). Furthermore, he postulated that the encrusting algae genus called Aglaozonia was a stage in the life history of Cutleria. The genus Reinkella (family Roccellaceae) is named in his honor.

Reinke was a proponent of scientific "neo-vitalism", and a critic of the Darwinian theory of evolution. Opposing the secularization of science, Reinke, along with his Lutheran friend Eberhard Dennert, founded the Kepler Union in order to counteract Haeckel's Monist League which aimed to "replace" German churches with the evolutionary theory as a secular religion.

In 1901 he introduced the term "theoretical biology" to define biology from a standpoint of concepts and theories, and to differentiate it from traditional "empirical biology". Reinke attempted to explain the process of biological change through a concept of morphogenesis and genetic regulation he referred to as the "Dominanten" theory. Among his written works was a book that discussed the relationship of philosophy and religion to science.

He died in Preetz.

Selected publications

  • Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen über die Dictyotaceen des Golfs von Neapel. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae naturae curiosorum, Bd. 40, 1 (1878) * Lehrbuch der allgemeinen Botanik, (Historical research into the development of Dictyotaceae from the Gulf of Naples), 1880
  • Lehrbuch der allgemeinen Botanik (Textbook of general botany), 1880
  • Atlas deutscher Meeresalgen (Atlas of German marine algae), 1889 and 1891
  • Einleitung in der theoretische Biologie (Introduction to theoretical biology), 1901, second edition 1910.
  • Philosophie der Botanik (Philosophy of botany), 1905
  • Haeckels Monismus und seine Freunde – ein freies Wort für freie Wissenschaft (Haeckel's monism and allies, a free word for free science), 1907
  • Die Kunst der Weltanschauung (The Art of Belief), 1911
  • Kritik der Abstammungslehre (Critique of the theory of evolution), 1920
  • Naturwissenschaft, Weltanschauung, Religion, (Science, philosophy, religion), 1923
  • Das dynamische Weltbild (The dynamic world view), 1926
  • Wissemann, Volker (2012). Johannes Reinke: Leben und Werk eines lutherischen Botanikers. Volume 26 of Religion, Theologie und Naturwissenschaft / Religion, Theology, and Natural Science. Vandenhoeck & Ruprech. ISBN 3525570201, 9783525570203
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
From our partners
Reference sources
Sections Johannes Reinke

arrow-left arrow-right instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube pandora tunein iheart itunes