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Johann Severin Vater

Johann Severin VaterBiography, German theologian

German theologian
Johann Severin Vater
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German theologian
A.K.A. Йоханн Северин Фатер, Фатер Йоханн Сев...
Was Religious scholar Theologian Professor Educator Linguist
From Germany
Type Academia Literature Religion Social science
Gender male
Birth 27 May 1771, Altenburg, Germany
Death 16 March 1826, Halle (Saale), Germany (aged 54 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Family
Children: Friedrich Vater
The details

Biography

Johann Severin Vater ([ˈfaːtɐ]; May 27, 1771, Altenburg – March 16, 1826, Halle) was a German theologian, biblical scholar, and linguist.

Biography

He was a student and professor at Jena and Halle. In 1809, he became professor at Königsberg. In 1820, he resumed his chair at Halle. Although he taught theology, he is chiefly known as a philologist.

Work

Following Alexander Geddes, he applied the fragmentary hypothesis to the whole of the Pentateuch, treating it as an aggregate of numerous minor documents that had been compiled together. Vater's major work, Commentar über den Pentateuch was published in three volumes in Halle between 1802 and 1806. This work's primary purpose was to advance the Supplementary Hypothesis against the earlier Documentarian endeavors of Jean Astruc, Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, and Karl David Ilgen. Many of Vater's conclusions – most prominently, his assertion of the late nature of the Pentateuch as compared to the historical books – mirror the independent work of Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, whose Beiträge zur Einleitung in das Alte Testament was published in 1806-7. Against de Wette, though, Vater supposed, based on historical book allusions to Deuteronomy, that at least some parts of Deuteronomy had existed prior to the collection of the Pentateuch.

Writings

Besides the Commentar, his works include:

  • Hebrew grammar (1797)
  • Handbuch der hebräischen, syrischen, chaldäischen und arabischen Grammatik (1801)
  • Polish grammar (1807)
  • Russian grammar (1809)
  • Continuation of Adelung's Mithridates (1809–17)
  • Literatur der Grammatiken, Lexika und Wörtersammlungen aller Sprachen der Erde (1815)

He also edited and continued Henke's Allgemeine Geschichte der christlichen Kirche (1818–23).

Honors and Memberships

Elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1821.

Sources

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://portal.d-nb.de/opac.htm?query=Woe%3D118767372&method=simpleSearch
https://web.archive.org/web/20160304053907/https://portal.d-nb.de/opac.htm?query=Woe%3D118767372&method=simpleSearch
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_American_Cyclop%C3%A6dia_(1879)/Vater,_Johann_Severin
http://www.americanantiquarian.org/memberlist
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90240189
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1464729
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120541430
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120541430
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118767372
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108575528
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n85117877
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