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Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen

Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von WarthausenBiography, Austrian statesman

Austrian statesman
Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Austrian statesman
A.K.A. Johann Philipp Karl von Stadion Warthausen, Johann Philipp Karl Joseph...
Was Politician Diplomat
From Austria
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth 18 June 1763, Mainz, Germany
Death 15 May 1824, Baden bei Wien, Austria (aged 60 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Family
Siblings: Friedrich Lothar Joseph von Stadion
Children: Rudolf StadionFranz Stadion, Count von Warthausen
The details

Biography

Johann Philipp von Stadion

Johann Philipp Carl Joseph, Graf von Stadion-Warthausen (18 June 1763 – 15 May 1824). Born in Mainz, he was a statesman, foreign minister, and diplomat who served the Habsburg empire during the Napoleonic Wars. He was also founder of Austria's central bank Oesterreichische Nationalbank. He was Count of Stadion-Warthausen from 1787 to 1806.

Life and career

In 1787–1790, he was ambassador in Stockholm, then in London from 1790–1793. After some years of retirement, he was entrusted with a mission to the Prussian court (1800–1803), where he endeavoured in vain to effect an alliance with Austria. He had greater success as envoy at Saint Petersburg (1803–1805), where he played a large part in the formation of the third coalition against Napoleon (1805). Notwithstanding the failure of this alliance, he was made foreign minister and, in conjunction with Archduke Charles of Austria, pursued a policy of quiet preparation for a fresh trial of strength with France.

In 1808, he abandoned the policy of procrastination and, with the help of Metternich, at that time ambassador to Paris, hastened the outbreak of a new war. Stadion was encouraged by news from Spain regarding the rising of the Spanish population against French occupation and the defeat of a French army by Spanish general Francisco Castanos at Bailen. He was instrumental in persuading Emperor Francis of Austria to attempt to arouse popular resistance to Napoleon in Austria and Germany.

The war that began in 1809 pitted Austria alone on the continent against Napoleonic France. The campaign saw the first major defeat of Napoleon at Aspern by the Archduke Charles, brother of the Emperor. Nonetheless, the French recovered and inflicted a decisive defeat on the Austrians at Wagram, one of the largest battles of the Napoleonic Wars. The unfortunate results of the campaign of 1809 compelled his resignation. He was succeeded as Foreign Minister by Klemens von Metternich, whom the Emperor had recalled from Paris. Nonetheless, in 1813, he was commissioned to negotiate the convention which finally overthrew Napoleon. The historian Robert A. Kann called him "a man of outstanding gifts, perhaps the foremost diplomat in imperial Austrian history" (A History of the Habsburg Empire, 1526-1918, p. 211).

The last ten years of his life were spent in a strenuous and partly successful attempt to reorganize the disordered finances of his country. As minister of finance (1815–1824), he founded Austria's central bank Oesterreichische Nationalbank in 1816.

He died in Baden, Austria; his son, Franz Stadion, Count von Warthausen, was a prominent liberal statesman of the 1840s.

Acknowledgements

  • In 1874, an alley in Vienna's 1st district was renamed "Stadiongasse" in honour of Johann Philipp von Stadion.
  • Since 1897, the Hotel Graf Stadion on Buchfeldgasse Nr. 5 in Vienna's 8th district Josefstadt bears the statesman's name.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118752413
http://isni.org/isni/0000000013349691
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=mzk2015872592&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p071305289
https://viaf.org/viaf/13102898
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/13102898
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