Johann Phillipp Becker was born in Germany in 1809. He became a revolutionary and participated in the democratic movement in Germany and Switzerland in the 1830s and 1840s. In Baden during the 1848-1849 Baden-Palatinate revolution, Becker commanded the Baden Peoples Militia. In the 1860s he became a prominent figure in the First Workers International. Becker became a close friend and an associate of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. Becker died in 1886.