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Johann Peter Süssmilch

Johann Peter Süssmilch German priest and statistician

German priest and statistician
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German priest and statistician
A.K.A. Süssmilch, Johann-peter süssmilch, Johann-Peter Sussmilch, Sûssmilch, Sussmilch
Countries Germany
Occupations Mathematician Statistician
Type Mathematics
Gender male
Birth 3 September 1707 (Zehlendorf)
Death 22 March 1767 (Berlin)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
Education University of Halle-Wittenberg, University of Jena
Johann Peter Süssmilch
The details
Biography

Johann Peter Süßmilch or Süssmilch (September 3, 1707 in Zehlendorf – March 22, 1767 in Berlin) was a German Protestant pastor, statistician and demographer.

He studied medicine and theology at Jena and Halle and in 1741 was an army chaplain in the First Silesian War. On Sunday, 13 August 1741, the former field preacher gave his inaugural sermon as pastor of the community Etzin. In 1742 he took a post as Provost in the St. Petri parish in Berlin-Cölln. He became a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1745. He conversed with Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Immanuel Kant.

Süßmilch's most important publication on The Divine order in the circumstances of the human sex, birth, death and reproduction, which he wrote in 1741, is regarded as a seminal and pioneering work in demography and the history of population statistics. Süssmilch discovered that, in the long term, there is a constant sex ratio of 1,000 female births to 1,050 male births. He saw this as a proof of the Divine working in this World. Due to this work, he can be regarded as one of the founding fathers of demography in Germany. However, he refers in his work to Caspar Neumann's work, who calculated a monthly statistics of deaths by age and death cause already between 1687 and 1691 in Breslau (present-day Wrocław). Süssmilch also worked on life tables.

Works

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Sources
References
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124687487
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124687487
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82020684
http://isni.org/isni/0000000080988207
https://archive.is/20070312210542/http://echo2.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/content/demography/demography/suessmilch_1762
https://archive.is/20070611191349/http://echo2.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/content/demography/demography/suessmilch_1752
https://archive.is/20130105180755/http://www.berlin-chronik.de/bms/bmstxt97/9709prob.htm
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118814834
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D118814834
https://viaf.org/viaf/19777469
https://web.archive.org/web/20090220160546/http://echo2.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/content
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