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Johann Ludwig Casper

Johann Ludwig Casper German forensic pathologist

German forensic pathologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German forensic pathologist
A.K.A. Ludwig Casper, Till Ballistarius
Was Pathologist Physician Forensic pathologist Criminologist Pharmacologist Pediatrician
From Germany
Type Biology Healthcare Social science
Gender male
Birth 11 March 1796, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 24 February 1864, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 68 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
The details

Johann Ludwig Casper (11 March 1796 – 24 February 1864) was a German forensic scientist, criminologist, pathologist, pediatrician, pharmacologist, professor and author.

Casper was born in 1796 in Berlin, Germany. He studied pharmacology and medicine in Berlin, Göttingen and Halle, and he officially graduated with a doctorate in 1819. Casper traveled to familiarize himself with medical science in France and England, and then returned to his native city in 1822. He became a professor at the Medicinal College of the Province of Brandenburg and, in 1824, a private docent at a medical facility. His primary interests were pathology and pediatrics. Casper joined the Scientific Deputation a decade later.

In 1839, he became a professor at the Medicina Forensis and Publica and then the director of an educational institution for forensic medicine in 1841. In 1852, Casper published Über Nothzucht und Päderastie und deren Ermittlung Seitens des Gerichtsarztes. In 1858, he proposed a consistent ratio of the time taken for a body to putrefy in different substances – 1:2:8 in air, water and earth. This would later be known as Casper's Dictum.

Casper may have been the earliest writer to include colored lithographs in books about forensic pathology. Before his sudden death in 1864, Casper published colored lithographs of gunshot wounds in cadavers in his textbook, Atlas zum Handbuch der gerichtlichen Medicin.

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