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Johann Hieronymus Kniphof

Johann Hieronymus Kniphof German botanist

German botanist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German botanist
A.K.A. Kniph.
Was Scientist Botanist Surgeon
From Germany
Type Healthcare Science
Gender male
Birth 24 February 1704, Erfurt, Germany
Death 23 January 1763, Erfurt, Germany (aged 58 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
The details
Biography

Johann Hieronymus Kniphof (24 February 1704 in Erfurt – 23 January 1763) was a German physician and botanist.

He studied medicine at the Universities of Jena and Erfurt, becoming a professor of medicine at the latter institution in 1737. In 1745 he succeeded Andreas Elias Büchner (1701–1769) as director of the library at Erfurt, two years later being named dean to the faculty of medicine. In 1761 he was chosen as university rector.

At Erfurt, he assembled a large and impressive herbarium, about which in 1733, he first published a work with the title of "Botanica in originali" (later releases known as "Botanica in Originali, seu Herbarium Vivum"). Considered to be Kniphof's magnum opus, it would eventually be published in several editions. It was renowned for employing a preparation/printing technique known as "nature printing", which at the time was a little understood process that Kniphof had mastered in order to imprint details of various botanical specimens.

The botanical genus Kniphofia (family Asphodelaceae) was named in his honor by botanist Conrad Moench (1745–1805).

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Reference sources
References
http://www.erfurt-web.de/Johann_Hieronymus_Kniphof
http://www.worldcat.org/title/joh-hieron-kniphofii-botanica-in-originali-seu-herbarium-vivum-in-quo-tam-indigenae-quam-exoticae-plantae-tournefortii-rivini-et-ruppii-methodo-peculiari-nova-operosaq-enchiresi-atramento-impressorio-obductae-ectypum-eleganter-suppeditant-centuria-i-ii-iii-iv-v/oclc/18930978/editions?referer=di&editionsView=true
http://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n85-243722
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=kniph
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Kniph.
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb136149248
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb136149248
https://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Kniph.
http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/hi/gnt/dsi2/index.php?table_name=dsi&function=details&where_field=id&where_value=6126
https://d-nb.info/gnd/12118904X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000116349096
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