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Johann Gottlob Carpzov

Johann Gottlob Carpzov German theologian

German theologian
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German theologian
A.K.A. Carpzov, Johann Gottlob
Was Religious scholar Theologian Professor Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Religion
Gender male
Birth 26 September 1679, Dresden, Germany
Death 7 April 1767, Lübeck, Germany (aged 87 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
Father: Samuel Benedikt Carpzov
The details
Johann Gottlob Carpzov.

Johann Gottlob Carpzov (26 September 1679, Dresden – 7 April 1767, Lübeck) was a German Christian Old Testament scholar, a nephew of Johann Benedict Carpzov II and a son of Samuel Benedict Carpzov. He was the most famous and most important Biblical scholar of the Carpzov family. He was titular professor of Oriental languages at Leipzig from 1719 to 1730, and preacher and theologian until his death. Like his uncle, he was an opponent of the Pietists. His critical works are: Introductio in Libros Vet. Test. 1721, 4th ed. 1757; Critica Sacra (I. Original text, II. Versions, III. Reply to Whiston), 1728; Apparatus Historico-Criticus Antiquitatum et Codicis Sacri et Gentis Hebrææ, 1748. The Apparatus is in the form of annotations to Thomas Goodwin's Moses and Aaron, and appended to it are dissertations on "The Synagogue Treated with Honor" (a statement of what the Christian Church has retained of ancient Jewish customs), on "The Charity System of the Ancient Jews" (discussion of the question whether צדקה in the Old Testament ever means "alms"), and others.

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia,

Carpzov represents both an advance and a retrogression in Biblical science — an advance in fullness of material and clearness of arrangement (his Introductio is the first work that deserves the name), and a retrogression in critical analysis, for he held fast to the literal inspiration of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament and bitterly opposed the freer positions of Simon, Spinoza, and Clericus. His antiquarian writings are still interesting and useful.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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