Johann Friedrich Goercke, (also Gehrcke) (3 May 1750 – 30 June 1822) was a Prussian army surgeon and author.
Goercke was born in Sorquitten, East Prussia (today Sorkwity, Poland) and became the personal physician of Friedrich II of Prussia. He founded the Pépinière, the first academy for Prussian Army Surgeons in 1795 and became the Chairman of the Prussian Army Medical Corps and the Berlin Charité in 1797. After the foundation of the University of Berlin in 1809 he became the head of its military surgery section.
Goercke died in Potsdam.