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Johann Cornies

Johann Cornies

German settler in Russia
Johann Cornies
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German settler in Russia
A.K.A. Cornies
Was Farmer
From Germany
Gender male
Birth 20 June 1789, West Prussia, Prussia
Death 13 March 1848, Molotschna, Ukraine (aged 58 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
The details

Biography

Johann(es) Cornies (20 June 1789 – 13 March 1848) was a Prussian Mennonite settler in the Russian Empire, who became an important agricultural and architectural reformer for the Mennonites, Hutterites and other minorities in the Russian Empire.

Personal life

Cornies was born in the Vistula delta Mennonite settlement of Bärwalde (Niedźwiedzica), near Danzig (Gdańsk) in West Prussia. He was a son of Johann Cornies (born in Mühlhausen, East Prussia) and Aganetha Cornies. He had 3 brothers; Peter Cornies (1791-1840s), David Cornies (1794-1850s), and Heinrich Cornies (1806-?). In 1804, his family moved to Molotschna, a Mennonite settlement in what is now Ukrainen, but then was part of the Russian Empire. He married Agnes Klassen (1792-1840s), and they had a son and a daughter named after each of them. He died at Orloff, a village in the Molotschna colony.

Agricultural reformer

Cornies was the first president of The Agricultural Improvement Society, an Odessa-based commission that supported German colonists. The organization introduced modern farming practices to the colonies and later extended its reach to education and social life. The commission was sponsored by the Russian government with the hope that the master farming techniques of the Mennonites could be introduced to Jewish, Tatar and Russian villages. The society introduced dryland farming, use of fertilizer, and four-year crop rotation. Planting tobacco and mulberry trees for sericulture were promoted.

Cornies owned a large estate, Jushanlee, a model farm and showplace of south Russia. Crown princes Alexander I and Alexander II as well as other government officials visited the estate. His holdings were expanded by gifts from the government for his services and totaled 100 km (25,000 acres) at his death. He owned a large herd of thoroughbred cattle, 8,000 merino sheep, and 400 horses.

He organized the resettlement of the Hutterites from Radichev to Hutterthal and Johannesruh.

Cornies helped also in the establishment of agricultural colonies for Jews, the so-called "Judenplan". His aid was also given to the Molokans and to the Dukhobors.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Cornies,_Johann_(1789-1848)
http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/cornies_johann_1789_1848
https://web.archive.org/web/20060712171949/http://www.hutterites.org/HutteriteHistory/ru-renewalofcommunityofgoods.htm
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17029982c
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17029982c
https://d-nb.info/gnd/135724368
http://isni.org/isni/0000000073747472
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2016031947
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p243563256
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w67h1rtd
https://www.idref.fr/196767318
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