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Johann Bauhin

Johann Bauhin Swiss botanist

Swiss botanist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Swiss botanist
A.K.A. J.Bauhin
Countries Switzerland
Occupations Scientist Botanist Physician Educator
Type Academia Healthcare Science
Gender male
Birth 12 December 1541 (Basel, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland)
Death 1613 (Montbéliard, canton of Montbéliard, arrondissement of Montbéliard, Doubs)
Star sign SagittariusSagittarius
The details
Biography

Johann (or Jean) Caspar Bauhin (12 December 1541 – 26 October 1613) was a Swiss botanist, born in Basel. He was the son of physician Jean Bauhin and the brother of physician and botanist Gaspard Bauhin.

Johann Bauhin studied botany at Tübingen under Leonhart Fuchs (1501–1566). He then travelled with Conrad Gessner, after which he started a practice of medicine at Basel, where he was elected Professor of Rhetoric in 1566. Four years later he was invited to become the physician to Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg at Montbéliard, in the Franche-Comté where he remained until his death. He devoted himself chiefly to botany. His great work, Historia plantarum universalis, a compilation of all that was then known about botany, remained incomplete at his death, but was published at Yverdon in 1650–1651.

Bauhin nurtured several botanic gardens and also collected plants during his travels. In 1591, he published a list of plants named after saints called De Plantis a Divis Sanctisve Nomen Habentibus.

Johann Bauhin died in Montbéliard.

Carl Linnaeus named the genus Bauhinia (family Caesalpiniaceae) for the brothers Johann and Gaspard Bauhin.

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Sources
References
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F14279.php
http://hos.ou.edu/galleries//16thCentury/BauhinJ/
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX825345
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124627610
http://botany.edwardworthlibrary.ie/herbals/seventeenth-century/jean-bauhin/
http://library.cincymuseum.org/bot/bauhin.htm
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=J.Bauhin
http://isni.org/isni/0000000115786382
https://www.genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=129708
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124627610
https://www.idref.fr/033805466
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