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Johann Anton Leisewitz

Johann Anton Leisewitz German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era

German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era
A.K.A. Лейзевиц Иоганн Антон
Countries Germany Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Occupations Poet Lawyer Writer Jurist Poet lawyer
Gender male
Birth 9 May 1752 (Hanover)
Death 10 September 1806 (Brunswick)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Education University of Göttingen
The details
Biography

Johann Anton Leisewitz (born 9 May 1752 in Hanover, died 10 September 1806 in Braunschweig) was a German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era. He is best known for his play Julius of Tarent (1776), that inspired Friedrich Schiller and is considered the forerunner of Schiller's quintessential Sturm und Drang work The Robbers (1781).

Biography

He went to Göttingen in 1770, and became a member of the circle of poets called Der Hainbund, which included Stolberg and Voss, and contributed two poems to the Göttinger Musenalmanach for 1775, both essentially dramatic and democratic in tone. In 1775, at Brunswick, and later at Berlin and Weimar, he met and soon counted among his friends Eschenburg, Moses Mendelssohn, Lessing, Nicolai, Herder, and Goethe. His single complete play, Julius of Tarent (1776), was written in Lessing's style and with much of the latter's dramatic technique. The play was a favorite of Friedrich Schiller, and was frequently acted in Germany. It also inspired Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, who was employed as playwright by Leisewitz' father-in-law Abel Seyler.

Personal life

His wife Sophie Seyler

He married Sophie Marie Katharina Seyler (1762–1833) in Hamburg in 1781. She was the daughter of famed Swiss-born theatre director Abel Seyler and stepdaughter of actress Friederike Sophie Seyler, and grew up with her uncle J.G.R. Andreae in Hanover. Her brother was banker Ludwig Erdwin Seyler, who became by marriage a member of the Berenberg-Gossler banking dynasty. Leisewitz was a distant relative of his wife on the Andreae side, and had been a frequent visitor in the Andreae home, with its large library, in his youth. He would later refer to J.G.R. Andreae as his uncle. His diaries and his letters to his wife have been published. The letters sent between Johann Anton Leisewitz and Sophie Seyler have been described as some of the most beautiful love letters of the late 18th century.

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Sources
References
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13478668x
http://isni.org/isni/0000000122813932
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6xt6bmz
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/335498/Johann-Anton-Leisewitz?anchor=ref141414
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz50045.html
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13478668x
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118571370
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n88662691
https://libris.kb.se/auth/281100
https://viaf.org/viaf/69079931
https://www.idref.fr/035268557
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