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Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt

Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt German nobleman

German nobleman
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German nobleman
A.K.A. Joachim Ernst, Joachim Ernst Herzog von Anhalt
Was Art collector Ruler
From Germany
Type Arts Military
Gender male
Birth 11 January 1901, Dessau, Germany
Death 18 February 1947, NKVD special camp Nr. 2, Germany (aged 46 years)
Star sign CapricornCapricorn
Politics Nazi Party
Family
Mother: Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
Father: Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Siblings: Princess Marie-Auguste of Anhalt
Children: Eduard, Prince of AnhaltFriedrich, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt Alexandra Prinzessin von AnhaltAnna Luise Marie Friederike Elisabeth Alice Prinzessin von AnhaltEdda Adelheid Antoinette Emma Elisabeth Prinzessin von Anhalt
The details
Biography

Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt (11 January 1901 – 18 February 1947) was the last ruler of the Duchy of Anhalt.

Life

He was born in Dessau, the son of Duke Eduard of Anhalt (1861–1918) and Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (1873–1953), the daughter of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg.

He succeeded his father as Duke of Anhalt on 13 September 1918. However, due to his age, his uncle Prince Aribert of Anhalt was appointed regent. His brief reign came to an end on 12 November 1918, with his uncle abdicating in his name following the German revolution. The duchy became the Free State of Anhalt.

He died at the Buchenwald concentration camp after World War II as a prisoner of the Soviet Union, when it was called NKVD special camp Nr. 2.

Following his death, the headship of the Ducal House of Anhalt was disputed between his elder son, Prince Friedrich, and brother Prince Eugen.

Marriages and children

In Ballenstedt Castle on 3 March 1927, Joachim Ernst married firstly Elisabeth Strickrodt (Plauen, 3 September 1903 – Berlin-Zehlendorf, 5 January 1971), a daughter of an opera singer. She was created Countess of Askanien, but they were divorced in 1929.

In Ballenstedt Castle on 15 October 1929, Joachim Ernst married secondly Edda-Charlotte von Stephani-Marwitz (Düsseldorf, 20 August 1905 – Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 22 February 1986), who was adopted as an adult by Bertha von Stephani, reputedly for a payment of 10,000 marks, in order to improve her social standing. They had five children:

  • Marie Antoinette Elisabeth Alexandra Irmgard Edda Charlotte (14 July 1930 – 22 March 1993), married firstly 1957 (div. 1968) Karl-Heinz Guttmann and secondly 1974 (div. 1976) Max Riederer.
  • Anna Luise Marie Friederike Elisabeth Alice (26 March 1933 – 1 November 2003), married 1966 (div. 1970) Thomas Birch.
  • Leopold Friedrich Franz Sieghard Hubertus Erdmann (11 April 1938 – 9 October 1963).
  • Edda Adelheid Antoinette Emma Elisabeth (born 30 January 1940), married 1974 Albert Darboven.
  • Eduard Julius Ernst August Erdmann (born 3 December 1941)

Ancestry

16. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
16. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
8. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
17. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
4. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
18. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
9. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
19. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
2. Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
10. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
21. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
5. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
22. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
11. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
23. Princess Marie Antoinette Murat
1. Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt
24. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (= 20)
12. Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 21)
6. Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
13. Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia
3. Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
28. George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
14. Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
29. Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
7. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen
30. William II, Elector of Hesse
15. Landgravine Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel
31. Princess Augusta of Prussia
16. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
8. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
17. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
4. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
18. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
9. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
19. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
2. Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
10. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
21. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
5. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
22. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
11. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
23. Princess Marie Antoinette Murat
1. Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt
24. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (= 20)
12. Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 21)
6. Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
13. Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia
3. Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
28. George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
14. Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
29. Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
7. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen
30. William II, Elector of Hesse
15. Landgravine Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel
31. Princess Augusta of Prussia
8. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
17. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
4. Frederick I, Duke of Anhalt
18. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia
9. Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia
19. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
2. Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
20. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
10. Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg
21. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
5. Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg
22. Karl, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
11. Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
23. Princess Marie Antoinette Murat
1. Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt
24. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (= 20)
12. Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
25. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (= 21)
6. Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
26. Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
13. Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia
3. Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
28. George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
14. Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
29. Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
7. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen
30. William II, Elector of Hesse
15. Landgravine Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel
31. Princess Augusta of Prussia
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Reference sources
References
http://www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/gotha/anhalt.html
http://www.mz-web.de/bernburg/adel-eheskandale-im-hause-anhalt-996112
http://www.anhalt-askanien.de/home/
https://rkd.nl/en/explore/artists/440947
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