Jeffrey Michael Fisher (born February 25, 1958) is an American football coach and former player. He served as a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for 22 seasons, primarily with the Tennessee Titans franchise. He coached the Titans for 17 seasons and Los Angeles Rams franchise for five seasons.
Fisher became the coach of the Titans franchise towards the end of the 1994 season during their tenure as the Houston Oilers and was the team's first coach when they relocated to Tennessee. He continued to coach the Titans until after the end of the 2010 season, when he and the franchise parted ways. Following a season away from football, Fisher was hired as the head coach of the Rams franchise in 2012 and coached the team during their last four years in St. Louis. He remained the head coach of the Rams during the franchise's return to Los Angeles in 2016, but was fired near the end of the season.
Fisher's most successful season was in 1999, when he led the Titans to the franchise's first (and only) Super Bowl appearance in XXXIV, which ended in close defeat. However, despite compiling a winning record as a head coach, Fisher's career has been noted for an overall lack of success, having only obtained six winning seasons and postseason appearances in over two decades in the NFL. He holds the record for the most regular season losses by an NFL head coach at 165, tied with Dan Reeves.
A native of Southern California, Fisher starred as a high school All-American wide receiver at Taft High School in Woodland Hills.
Fisher went on to star at USC, under coach John Robinson. During his collegiate career (1977–80), he played alongside such defensive stars as Ronnie Lott, Dennis Smith, and Joey Browner. Fisher's USC teammates also included star offensive lineman Bruce Matthews, whom he would coach years later with the Oilers and Titans. Fisher and the Trojans won a national championship during the 1978 season, and in 1980 he was honored as a Pac-10 All-Academic selection.
Fisher was drafted in the seventh round of the 1981 NFL Draft by the Chicago Bears. He appeared in 49 games as a defensive back and return specialist in his five seasons with the Bears.
In 1983, Fisher had suffered a broken leg on a punt return when he was tackled by then-Philadelphia Eagles linebacker Bill Cowher. Coincidentally the two became rivals as head coaches beginning in the AFC Central in 1995; Fisher's Oilers/Titans squads came out with an 11–7 record against Cowher's Pittsburgh Steelers. Fisher earned a Super Bowl ring after Chicago's 1985 Super Bowl season, despite spending the year on injured reserve with an ankle injury that prematurely ended his playing career. Fisher stayed with the Bears as a defensive assistant while on injured reserve for the season.
Early coaching career
During 1985, Fisher used his time on the Bears' injured reserve to assist defensive coordinator Buddy Ryan. After the Bears won the Super Bowl that season, Ryan was hired as head coach of the Philadelphia Eagles and Fisher joined as a defensive backs coach. In 1988, Fisher was promoted to defensive coordinator at age 30, the youngest such coach in the league. The 1989 Eagles defense led the NFL in interceptions (30) and sacks (62). The 1990 squad led the league in rushing defense and finished second in sacks.
In 1991, Fisher was hired as defensive coordinator for the Los Angeles Rams, which reunited him with his college coach John Robinson. The next two seasons, he served as the defensive backs coach for the San Francisco 49ers. These years as an assistant to George Seifert placed Fisher in the Bill Walsh coaching tree. On February 9, 1994, Fisher again became a defensive coordinator, this time for the Houston Oilers under Jack Pardee. Fisher had succeeded Ryan, who left the post to become the head coach of the Arizona Cardinals.
Houston Oilers / Tennessee Oilers / Tennessee Titans (1994–2010)
On November 14, 1994, Pardee was fired, and Fisher was promoted to replace him for the last six games of the season. The Oilers retained Fisher as head coach, and the Oilers drafted quarterback Steve McNair in the 1995 NFL Draft. The new coach did not disappoint, leading the team to a 7–9 record in 1995, tied for second place in the division. The following year the Oilers added Heisman Trophy winner Eddie George, and they achieved an 8–8 record. However, an inability to get a new stadium deal in Houston caused owner Bud Adams to relocate the team to Tennessee for the 1997 season.
In the team's first two seasons in Tennessee the Oilers compiled a record of 16–16. In 1998, the team's home games moved from Memphis to Nashville.
In the 1999 season, the newly renamed Tennessee Titans finished with a 13–3 regular season record, going all the way to Super Bowl XXXIV, in part due to the Music City Miracle. The Titans fell to the St. Louis Rams, 23–16; wideout Kevin Dyson was tackled one yard short of the end zone with no time remaining, in what became known as "The Tackle". Tennessee achieved the same record the next year, but were defeated in the AFC playoffs by the Baltimore Ravens who would go on to win Super Bowl XXXV.
The 2001 season was a disappointing one for the Titans, as they could only muster a 7–9 showing. The beginning of the next season proved to be even worse, with the franchise starting off with a 1–4 record. Following one home loss, owner Bud Adams made the comment to reporters that perhaps the Titans "were getting outcoached." This provided a spark the team needed, and they finished the season with an 11–5 record and made it to the AFC Championship Game.
The 2003 season saw more success, with yet another trip to the playoffs and McNair tying for the League MVP award (with Peyton Manning). Again, they lost to the eventual Super Bowl champions, the New England Patriots, but the team's progress did not go unnoticed. The 2004 season, however, was plagued by injuries from the start, and they finished at 5–11. Following the season, many veteran players (such as Samari Rolle and Derrick Mason) were cut in an effort to comply with the strict salary cap. The relative youth of the team resulted in a disappointing 2005 season as well. Before the 2005 season, Fisher hired Norm Chow out of USC to be his offensive coordinator.
In 2006, the Titans finished a better-than-expected 8–8. Quarterback Steve McNair was traded to the Baltimore Ravens and Vince Young was drafted, but began the season as backup to Billy Volek and Kerry Collins. The season began slowly at 0–3 before Volek was replaced by Kerry Collins and, later, Young. The team ultimately started 2–7, but following a 27–26 loss to the Baltimore Ravens and McNair, the Titans erupted to win six straight games under Young, including a 24-point rally to beat the Giants. With this promising record the Titans exercised their right to extend his contract by a year, keeping him as the head coach through the 2007 NFL season.
In 2007, he led the Titans to a 10–6 record and made the AFC playoffs as the 6th seed, but lost in the opening round to the San Diego Chargers.
In 2008, Fisher led the Titans to a 10–0 undefeated streak only to be upset by Brett Favre and the New York Jets midway through the 2008 season. The Titans finished 13–3 and secured the number 1 seed in the AFC, yet lost in the second round of the 2008 NFL Playoffs to the Baltimore Ravens.
In 2009 the Titans lost in overtime to the Pittsburgh Steelers in the season's opening game. The loss began a six-game slide that reached its nadir in a 59–0 slaughter by the New England Patriots. Collins, at the public recommendation of Titans owner Bud Adams, was benched and replaced by Young; the Titans responded by winning eight of their next ten games, highlighted by a dramatic comeback victory over the Arizona Cardinals, a season-ending comeback against the Seattle Seahawks, and a hard-fought overtime win over the Miami Dolphins. Highlighting this season was the play of running back Chris Johnson; in his second year of professional football (he'd been drafted 24th in the 2008 NFL Draft) Johnson broke Marshall Faulk's record of total yards from scrimmage with 2,509, becoming the sixth back in NFL history to rush over 2000 yards.
In 2010, relations between Fisher and Vince Young became increasingly strained. In a home game against the Washington Redskins, Young was removed following an injury to his thumb and subsequently not allowed to re-enter the game. In disgust, he began removing his equipment while still on the sidelines, eventually throwing his shoulder pads into the stands. He walked off of the field as the contest continued. Young never appeared in another game for the Titans and was released at the end of the season.
Initially it appeared that Fisher's tenure with the Titans would survive this situation; however,on January 27, 2011, almost four weeks after the end of the 2010 regular season, it was formally announced that Fisher and the Titans had mutually agreed to part ways following a buyout of the one remaining season on Fisher's contract. At more than 16 full seasons, Fisher had been the longest-tenured NFL head coach with one team among active head coaches.
Fisher coached teams that have been referred to as aggressive, edgy, chippy and dirty.
St. Louis / Los Angeles Rams (2012–2016)
After a season off in 2011, Fisher agreed to become the head coach of the St. Louis Rams on January 13, 2012.
In Fisher's first season in St. Louis, the team finished with a 7–8–1 record, a five–win improvement from the previous year. Furthermore, the Rams were competitive in every game, with the exception of the London-played game against New England, which the Rams lost by a score of 45–7.
In 2013, the Rams finished with a 7–9 record.
During the 2014 season, the Rams went 6–10. It was the team's worst record under Fisher, and also Fisher's 4th consecutive losing season as a head coach. In the team's final season in St. Louis in 2015 they finished with a 7–9 record, an improvement over their previous season.
The Rams started the 2016 season 3–1, then lost four straight games which included three games lost by a touchdown or less. They rebounded with a win against the Jets in week 10. On December 4, the Rams announced they had signed him to a two-year contract extension through 2018 prior to the start of the season; however, just over a week later, on December 12, the Rams fired Fisher following a 42-14 loss to the eventual NFC champion Atlanta Falcons in which they were held scoreless until scoring 2 meaningless touchdowns in the 4th quarter.
Head coaching record
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|HOU||1994||1||5||0||.167||4th in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|HOU||1995||7||9||0||.438||3rd in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|HOU||1996||8||8||0||.500||4th in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|TNO||1997||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|TNO||1998||8||8||0||.500||2nd in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||1999||13||3||0||.813||2nd in AFC Central||3||1||.750||Lost to St. Louis Rams in Super Bowl XXXIV.|
|TEN||2000||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC Central||0||1||.000||Lost to Baltimore Ravens in AFC Divisional Game.|
|TEN||2001||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC Central||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||2002||11||5||0||.688||1st in AFC South||1||1||.500||Lost to Oakland Raiders in AFC Championship Game.|
|TEN||2003||12||4||0||.750||2nd in AFC South||1||1||.500||Lost to New England Patriots in AFC Divisional Game.|
|TEN||2004||5||11||0||.313||3rd in AFC South||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||2005||4||12||0||.250||3rd in AFC South||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||2006||8||8||0||.500||2nd in AFC South||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||2007||10||6||0||.625||3rd in AFC South||0||1||.000||Lost to San Diego Chargers in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|TEN||2008||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC South||0||1||.000||Lost to Baltimore Ravens in AFC Divisional Game.|
|TEN||2009||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC South||–||–||–||–|
|TEN||2010||6||10||0||.375||4th in AFC South||–||–||–||–|
|STL||2012||7||8||1||.469||3rd in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|STL||2013||7||9||0||.438||4th in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|STL||2014||6||10||0||.375||4th in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|STL||2015||7||9||0||.438||3rd in NFC West||–||–||–||–|
|STL / LA Total||31||45||1||.414||0||0||.000|
Fisher was co-chair of the NFL competition committee along with Atlanta Falcons President Rich McKay until his resignation in August 2016.
NFL head coaches under whom Jeff Fisher has served:
- Mike Ditka, Chicago Bears (1985)
- Buddy Ryan, Philadelphia Eagles (1986–1990)
- John Robinson, Los Angeles Rams (1991)
- George Seifert, San Francisco 49ers (1992–1993)
- Jack Pardee, Houston Oilers (1994)
Assistant coaches under Jeff Fisher who have become NFL head coaches:
- Gregg Williams, Buffalo Bills (2001–2003)
- Jim Schwartz, Detroit Lions (2009–2013)
- Mike Munchak, Tennessee Titans (2011–2013)
- John Fassel, Los Angeles Rams (2016)
After Fisher's tutelage, Fassel, Williams, Schwartz, and Munchak have cumulatively posted 52 wins and 85 losses, or a winning percentage of approximately 38.2%.
Fisher has three children. One son, Brandon, played linebacker for the University of Montana. Another son, Trent, was a defensive back at Auburn University.