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Jean Gilbert

Jean Gilbert

German composer and conductor
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German composer and conductor
A.K.A. Jean Gillibert
Countries Germany France
Occupations Composer Poet Film score composer
Gender male
Birth 11 February 1879 (Hamburg)
Death 20 December 1942 (Buenos Aires)
Star sign Aquarius
Notable Works Die keusche Susanne
The details
Biography

Jean Gilbert (11 February 1879 – 20 December 1942), born Max Winterfeld, was a German operetta composer and conductor.

Life and career

Gilbert was born in Hamburg into a family of musicians; his ancestors were cantors of the Jewish community, his cousin Paul Dessau became a famous composer and conductor. He attended composition lessons held by Philipp Scharwenka in Berlin and studied at the conservatories in Sondershausen and Weimar. After first public appearances as a pianist, the 18-year-old obtained an appointment as Kapellmeister in Bremerhaven. Soon after he moved to the Carl Schultze Theater in Hamburg and, at the age of 20, succeeded Leo Fall as musical director of the Centralhalle theatre.

He adopted the name of Jean Gilbert for the production of his first operettaDas Jungfernstift in 1901. He continued to work as a Kapellmeister at the Berlin Apollo-Theater on Friedrichstraße, where he enacted operettas by Paul Lincke. In 1908, Gilbert moved to Düsseldorf and again turned to composing. Back in Berlin by 1910, he composed more than 50 operettas before and after World War I. His most successful work was Die keusche Susanne (1910), which was also popular in an English adaptation as The Girl in the Taxi.

As a Jew, Gilbert was forced to leave Germany after the Nazi seizure of power in January 1933. He first emigrated to Madrid and later to Argentina, where he once again worked as a radio orchestra leader. He died in Buenos Aires. His elder son Robert Gilbert (1899–1978) was also a composer, his younger son Henry Winterfeld (1901–1990) became a well-known author of books for young readers.

Selected works

  • Das Jungfernstift, 1901, Hamburg
  • Polnische Wirtschaft, 1909, Cottbus
  • Die keusche Susanne, 1910, Magdeburg
  • Das Autoliebchen, 1912, Berlin
Ja, das haben die Mädchen so gerne
  • Puppchen, 1912, Berlin
Puppchen, du bist mein Augenstern
  • Die Kino-Königin, 1913
  • Die Frau im Hermelin, 1919, Berlin
  • Katja, die Tänzerin, 1923, Vienna
  • Das Weib in Purpur, 1923, Vienna
  • Annemarie, 1925, Berlin
  • Yvonne, 1926, London (with Vernon Duke)
  • Hotel Stadt Lemberg, 1929, Hamburg

Selected filmography

  • One Hour of Happiness (1931)
  • The Girl and the Boy (1931)
  • Two Hearts Beat as One (1932)
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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1530984
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb139433355
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb139433355
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no90011542
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108839159
http://opac.sbn.it/opacsbn/opac/iccu/scheda_authority.jsp?bid=IT%5CICCU%5CCUBV%5C075929
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6xp9wkw
http://www.jazzageclub.com/theatre/yvonne-a-musical-comedy/
http://www.operone.de/komponist/gilbert.html
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90235313
https://d-nb.info/gnd/119539632
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