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Jean Bodel
Old French poet

Jean Bodel

Jean Bodel
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Old French poet
A.K.A. Jehan Bodel
Was Poet Writer
From France
Field Literature
Gender male
Birth 1165, Arras, France
Death 1205, Arras, France (aged 40 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Jean Bodel (c. 1165 – c. 1210), was an Old French poet who wrote a number of chansons de geste as well as many fabliaux. He lived in Arras.

Writings

Bodel wrote La Chanson des Saisnes ("Song of the Saxons") about the war of King Charlemagne with the Saxons and their leader Widukind, whom Bodel calls Guiteclin. He also wrote a miracle play called the Le Jeu de saint Nicolas ("The Game of Saint Nicolas"), which was probably first performed in Arras on 5 December 1200. Set in the middle of an epic battle between Christians and Muslims, the play tells the story of a good Christian who escapes the battle and is found praying to a statue of Saint Nicolas by the Muslim forces. The Muslim leader decides to test the saint by unlocking the doors to his treasury and leaving the statue as a guardian, stipulating that if anything were stolen the Christian would forfeit his life. Three thieves attempt to steal the treasure, but Saint Nicolas stops them. As a result, the Muslim ruler and his entire army convert to Christianity.

Like another French miracle play from the same time period, Le Miracle de Théophile, Le Jeu de saint Nicolas contains an invocation to the Devil in an unknown language:

Palas aron ozinomas
Baske bano tudan donas
Geheamel cla orlay
Berec hé pantaras tay

Bodel was the first person of record to classify the legendary themes and literary cycles known to medieval literature into the "Three Matters":

  • the "Matter of Rome", or retellings of stories from classical antiquity
  • the "Matter of Britain", concerning King Arthur and related topics
  • the "Matter of France", concerning Charlemagne and his paladins

In 1202, Bodel contracted leprosy and entered a leprosarium. He then wrote a long farewell, "Les Congés", his most personal and touching work.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 06 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Bodel,_Jehan
https://archive.org/search.php?query=((subject:%22Bodel,%20Jean%22%20OR%20subject:%22Jean%20Bodel%22%20OR%20creator:%22Bodel,%20Jean%22%20OR%20creator:%22Jean%20Bodel%22%20OR%20creator:%22Bodel,%20J.%22%20OR%20title:%22Jean%20Bodel%22%20OR%20description:%22Bodel,%20Jean%22%20OR%20description:%22Jean%20Bodel%22)%20OR%20(%221165-1205%22%20AND%20Bodel))%20AND%20(-mediatype:software)
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90382423
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX860075
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119087012
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb119087012
http://cantic.bnc.cat/registres/CUCId/a19240338
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118660454
http://isni.org/isni/0000000117452431
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n81119532
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/6fdf96cc-a4ab-485e-9c5c-26f577ecc811
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jo2018998933&CON_LNG=ENG
https://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35019792
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000292885&local_base=nlx10
https://nl.go.kr/authorities/resource/KAC201816405
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p068342799
http://data.rero.ch/02-A000021049
https://www.idref.fr/026936712
https://trove.nla.gov.au/people/794091
https://viaf.org/viaf/14771605
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-342145857883123021045
Sections Jean Bodel

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